Browsing: Developmental Disabilities

Cerebral Palsy Symptoms – Clues to Identifying Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) impairs movement and coordination of the muscles. It is caused when there is damage done to the brain. Some children are born with this disability and there are others that develop the condition due to an injured suffering after delivery. It is not always evident that a newborn has it just because of the lack of mobility already in an infant. Symptoms are more noticeable as the child gets older. Symptoms are not always the same for each child and it also depends on the severity of the condition. Some types of cerebral palsy are:

  • Spastic: This type of cerebral palsy is the most seen in children and it can affect either one side of the body or affect the entire body. This type involves muscle spasms and their body is stiff making it hard to move the limbs.
  • Athetoid: Movements in this type are abnormal. They can be jerking, slow, not controlled movements.
  • Ataxic: This condition is not as common, the balance and coordination is off.
  • Mixed: This condition usually is made of symptoms of other cerebral palsy types.

Is Your Child Displaying CP Symptoms?

One main symptom of cerebral palsy is the delay in their development. As children grow they will reach certain milestones from a baby until early childhood. If you are not seeing some of the millions in your child then take them to see a physician.

Some factors that your child may have some developmental delays are:

  • After 2 months, the head movements are not controlled well
  • Can not sit on their own after 10 months
  • Can not crawl or stand after 1 year
  • One side of body drags
  • Does not walk after 2 years of age

These are not the only signs to be aware of, other signs are muscle stiffness or overly relaxed muscles. Muscle hurtment also will affect their posture. Parents should also be aware that hand preference of a child usually happens after 12 months. If you child is showing early signs of hand preference can be a sign of CP.

Associated Conditions, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Children with cerebral palsy symptoms also experience other conditions such as:

  • Seizures
  • Problem with breathing
  • Impairments with vision, speech, or hearing
  • They are mentally challenged

If there are signs that something is wrong with your child, you need to take them in to see a doctor immediately. Doctors will diagnose your child using MRIs, EEGs, CT scans and other related tests.

If your child is diagnosed with CP due to medical neglect you should contact a medical malpractice attorney right away. You may be able to recover some monetary losses from the injury. Call an experienced attorney to find out more.

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Dyspraxia in Children – The Early Warning Systems

Dyspraxia, or in more psychological terms, developmental dyspraxia can not be classified by a single symptom or even a single scientific focus on any one developmental disorder. While its roots are in the process of child development (or in some cases, dyspraxia is more commonly known as an eclectic range of disorders of the developmental nature.) It is more commonly known as the partial or even full loss of the ability to control the limbs, co-ordinate movements and even normal human gestures. Dyspraxia is a unique disorder because it has similar medical nuances and prognosis with ailments like multiple sclerosis or even Parkinson's, but effects individuals almost completely independent of such other, more complex and involved disorders.

Dyspraxia is a hotly contested landscape of medical definitions, while many camps are trying to focus and narrow down the exact definition of the developmental disease. There are many interpretations of the disease out there, but there are many umbrella diagnostic definitions that help to focus and help people to recognize the early onset of the disease and sometimes go for early treatment and therapy. There are two main things to note about dyspraxia, one called idealational dyspraxia; which is most characteristically known as the difficulty or even inability to plan a sequence of co-ordinated movements. The other one is known as ideo-motor dyspraxia, is the inability or even hurled to execute a plan (normally physical), even if the person has full knowledge of the plan, or is the one behind it.

If you have a child and suspect that they have early onset developmental dyspraxia, then there are some things to note. It can be made known in areas of speech and language. Developmental verbal dyspraxia is more common in children and it appears normally in many difficulties which are associated with phonics, speech control and linguistic abilities. Children with dyspraxia often have a hard time in controlling the organs that control speech, they are unable to make the appropriate speech sounds, they can not form words like other children and have especial difficulty in string sentences together. Also, there are some aspects of fine motor control, or body and limbs co-ordination you should know about.

Children with dyspraxia have trouble learning basic movements and their associated patterns, like lifting a cup to drink or opening a book to read. They are unable to comprehend or even to learn the basic movements necessary to even do simple things like write and draw. Look at the nuances of writing as well, especially in children. They will have trouble establishing the correct grip for writing and drawing equipment, and the hand and sometimes the entire arm. These are just some of the aspects of developmental dyspraxia that you should know about, nuances of early warning systems that should place the red flags necessary for fast action. Early therapy can really help dyspraxia from developing further into whole body co-regulation and even inability to control their body, which can mean a debilitating adult social life.

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Adult Dyslexia – Signs to Look For to Know If You Are Dyslexic

Have you been experiencing learning difficulty since childhood and now you want to know if you are dyslexic? Dyslexia is a learning disability. Children born with this disorder are struggling with reading, writing and spelling even with the presence of organized school system. Today, this disorder is a recognized illness and children are tested for this disorder as early as possible to know if their learning difficulty is due to dyslexia. But how about those people who have not tested for this disorder at the time that this disorder is not yet recognized?

There are still adult dyslexics now who grow up and not aware that their learning disability is due to dyslexia. They are just tagged as lazy and slow learners. These tags attached to their personality wounds their self-esteem and self-confidence. It is important to know if you are dyslexic and the good news is that it is not too late to get diagnosed. If you want to know what the signs to look for to know if you are dyslexic, continue reading.

No two dyslexics are exactly the same but here are the most common signs and symptoms to know if you are dyslexic:

Difficulty recognizing the orientation of almost similar letters and numbers. Reversal of similar numbers and letters is one of the most common signs to look for to know if you are dyslexic. You are often confused and read letters like “b” as “d”, “dog” as “bog” and numbers like “6” as “9”.

Reading and comprehension is a struggle for dyslexic adults. This is another symptom to look for to know if you are dyslexic. You are a slow and inaccurate reader. You need to read a page twice or more to understand what you are reading. Most dyslexic adults hide their reading problems.

You are terrible with spelling ad writing. You are afraid to write or compose memos and letters because you have difficulty with spelling and in writing your thoughts on paper. If possible, you often avoid writing tasks.

Difficulty dealing with things in sequence. You often encounter difficulty in following instructions in sequence or multi-step directions. You also have trouble with counting numbers onwards or returns and remembering days of the week is sometimes a struggle. Identifying directions is also a problem and often confused with right and left.

But despite all those difficulties, dyslexics are not dumb. They may not be good in writing and reading but they are often very competent in oral language and have excellent memory. Dyslexia has nothing to do with intelligence and there are dyslexics who are successful in their chosen profession. The sad thing is that there are also many dyslexics who work on jobs below their intellectual abilities because the negative experience they went through with their difficulties affects their confidence. It is essential to get diagnosed to know if you are dyslexic and get the proper treatment to increase the quality of your life.

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Strategies For Helping Your Child With Learning Disabilities & Attention Deficit Disorder

  • Be sure your child is well hydrated. Optimal brain activity occurs when the body is hydrated.
  • Set a regular sleep schedule. Keep it the same on the weekends if at all possible.
  • Protein at breakfast Promotes focus.
  • Get an early diagnosis if possible to set up specific therapies, eg speech therapy.
  • For children with Auditory Processing Disorder, video games such as Rock Band with a drum set may be helpful. My son has found it beneficial, but at this time I can not find any studies confirming its effectiveness with other children.
  • Limit empty carbohydrates, white sugar, white flour. Use the glycemic index as a measure of quality carbohydrates which keep insulin levels sturdier.
  • Limit or eliminate foods with dyes as some children may be sensitive.
  • Supplement the diet with a high quality supplement containing minerals, vitamins, amino acids, antioxidants and herbs. Often these combinations work synergistically – better together than separately.
  • Supplement with an Omega 3 source such as fish oil or flax seed oil.
  • Use Emotional Freedom Technique which focus on negative emotions concerning school, learning, self concept. This rids the body of emotional blockages to learning and negative self concepts, eg “I'm a slow learner,” etc.
  • George Lozanov discovered that learning can be accelerated by activating both left and right brain hemispheres by playing classical music softly in the background while children were taught information. Memory retention rates were at 98 percent of what had been taught. While helping with homework or discussing homework, it may be worth trying to play soft classical music to see if memory retention improvements.

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Families Coping With Mental Retardation

Although there may be differences because situations vary, there are common characteristics in children with mental retardation issues.

They have difficulty remaining focused. They have difficulty with attention and they look around the room. Keep reminding them to look at you. This focuses them back on you and what you are saying. Remind them gently that looking at the person that is speaking is paying attention to the person that is talking

They will have difficulty staying on task with things they do not enjoy (eg homework, chores, etc). Gently redirection back to the task, while making sure that they are looking directly at you when you make this redirection will be important.

They will tend to hear as much when not looking directly at you because they are not attending to what you are saying. Their attention is divided between what you are saying and whatever they are looking at.

Children coping with mental retardation issues have difficulty with both expressing themselves and understanding what is being said to them. Furthermore, they get frustrated and confused when they can not express what they want to say. Tell them that it's okay, slow down, take a deep breath, and start over. Be patient. They may have difficulty understanding:

directions or procedures
rapid speech
complex sentences or instructions
abstract concepts – very concrete and focused on the here and now

It is important to recognize that the things you say may need to be repeated several times and in several different ways. Give one instruction at a time. When they complete that instruction or understand that one concept, then give the next instruction. They are likely to only be able to handle one instruction at a time.

Sometimes they will use words that they have heard before without knowing what they mean, because they are mimicking others. This is natural. Ask them what the word means. Help give them verbal language.

They may use pronouns (I, you, me) inappropriately, and it will be up to you to help them to figure out who they are talking about.

They may answer questions that you feel are beyond their ability level. But do not resist answering them. They will notice, and this will frustrate them too. Do your best to bring it to their level and not make your answer too complex.

The rigid though processes of mentally retarded children make it difficult to learn from mistakes. This can result in counter-productive behaviors. They have problems with generalizing and need help with taking one situation and using the information from that situation for the other situations. For example, when learning about social skills, I would work with one skill until they learn that skill. Then I add a skill until they learn the new skill. Then I add situations until they can add situation themselves without cuing. The more difficult the task, and the more effort involved, the more difficult they are going to have, the more the task is going to be divided into smaller pieces.

Repetition is the key here. When you teach a social skill or an anger management skill, repeat the different scenarios over and over, take a break, then do it all over again. The next week, repeat the process. Think about when you had to learn your multiplication tables. You repeated them over an over. The information needs to be repeated over and over.

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Children With Mental Retardation

Often there are individual differences from child to child, but the there are common characteristics in children with mental retardation issues.

Children with mental retardation have poor impulse control and responses are often an over-reaction to the situation. This may be confusing to them. They may need to have the situation explained to them, especially where their thinking went wrong. Over-reactions may be general thinking errors, and they need explanations in simple terms. Make sure they are looking directly at you because they can not calm down if they can not hear you. And they can not hear you if they can not see you!

They have a limited number of social and communication skills that can result in using physical acts to express anger and frustration rather than words, especially when the situation is complex. Help remove the complexities of the situation and communicate with words rather than actions.

Moral judgment requires the ability to be able to go beyond oneself and see how your behaviors will affect someone else. Children with mental retardation can not always do this without help. They need people to point this out to them. Once someone points out how their behavior affects someone else, they will understand, and they may or may not do something about their behavior. They may also need to be told exactly what to do, especially if the situation is ambiguous.

They really have a hard time understanding motives and feelings of others. They tend to see very little beyond themselves and how they are affected. They may have immature ideas about the causes of things and who is to blame for things that are their own fault. They may also assign blame for accidents, and they may not always understand the difference between accidental and on-purpose. If the situation is too complex, they do not always understand the difference between right and wrong. Simple right and wrong –itting, yelling, etc. – they do understand.

Very few kids with mental retardation will freely admit that they have mental retardation. They want to be normal and fit in. They will act as though they understand something even though they really do not because they want to fit in, and because they want approval. They are more likely to answer 'yes' than 'no' to questions. It is important to know this. You can still ask yes-no questions, but follow them up with questions that find out if the person knows what you are asking, or if they are seeking approval. Ask to explain the idea or how it works. Avoid 'what if' questions.

Kids with mental retardation may do some things better than they do other things. They may have a strength or some social capability. Or they may have a strength in a small area where overall they are limited.

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2 Types of Legally Binding Settlement Agreements in Special Education

Are you the parent of a child with autism that is receiving special education services? Are you tired of your child not getting needed educational services? Are you considering filing for a due process hearing, and would like to know what legally binding settlement agreements are? This article will discuss what legally binding settlement agreements are so that you can help your child receive FAPE.

Due process is a formal process used by parents and special education personnel to resolve disputes between them. Either special education personnel or parents may file for a due process hearing. The hearing is run by a due process hearing officer which in most states are attorneys; that have special knowledge of special education.

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) which was reauthorized in 2004 allowed for legally binding settlement agreements for the first time. Prior to this any written settlement between parents and school districts, were not legally enforceable by any entity! This is a good change for parents and children, because if a school district writes a legally binding settlement agreement it can be enforced by any state or federal court.

There are two types of settlement agreements under IDEA 2004:

1. If a parent files for a due process hearing for their child a resolution meeting must be held between school districts and parents, within 15 days. If an agreement is reached, a legally binding settlement agreement must be written and signed by parents and school personnel. Either side can void the agreement within 3 business days!

2. If a parent requests mediation and an agreement is reached, a written agreement is signed by both parties is also legally binding! There is no 3 day voiding allowed in mediation.

It is extremely important for parents to understand that legally binding settlement agreements only apply to settlements reached during the resolution meeting or mediation.

Many parents thought that they were signing a settlement agreement that was enforceable, only to find out that it was not! If you are having difficulty with your school district and they are now offering a settlement agreement, I would immediately ask for mediation. By doing this any agreement is enforceable in state or federal court. Mediation must be agreed to by both parties. If the school district refuses to go to mediation, file for a due process hearing. You can still settle your case at the resolution meeting, and it would be considered a legally binding settlement agreement!

By understanding legally binding settlement agreements you will be able to help advocate for a free appropriate public education for your child! Good Luck!

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Dyspraxia Child – Special Educational Needs

If you have a dyspraxia child the Educational Psychologist can perform a number of tests with your child to establish what learning difficulties there might be and what support they will need. The biggest problem is that there might be a long waiting list to actually get your child assessed. When I needed to get my son assessed the school only had access to an Ed Psych twice per year and they could only see 2-3 children each time – not great is it? I'm sure this is not the situation everywhere but just once again to point out you might need to be a little pushy to get what you need.

At the time we actually paid an Ed Psych who had recently left the LEA to do a private assessment for us. It told us what we needed to know but then when we took that to the school the head (who was a pain anyway) did not want to know and insured we would have to wait for the LEA Ed Psych to assess him; and guess what ….. 6 months later when he was estimated they report was almost identical! Again I'm sure some school heads and much more amenable and helpful than others.

Schools have to plan and support available for SEN children. In our area, and I would hope nationally, they have school action and school action plus. Depending on which category your child falls into they should get varying amounts of extra support in school.

What is School Action? This means the class teacher or school's SENCO, another teacher or a Learning Support Assistant (LSA) will give your child extra help. Your child will also have an Individual Education Plan (IEP) which lists targets for them to work towards and the action / support necessary to help them achieve them. The school SENCO, or another teacher, should talk with you about the IEP so that you can also help your child.

The aim of school action is to enable your child to progress so that they no longer need any extra help at all.

What is School Action Plus? If your child is not meeting their goals at school action, they may need to move to school action plus. This means more help from the school, together with additional advice and guidance from specialist services. This could include the involvement of teaching support services and other agencies. Most children need school action plus support will have their needs discussed by the school SENCO and an Educational Psychologist (EP).

The aim of school action plus support is to enable your dyspraxia child to progress so that they move from school action plus to school action, or no longer need any extra help at all.

There is also the possibility of obtaining a Statement of Special Educational Needs through the Local Education Authority (LEA). A Statement of Special Educational Needs is a legal document which sets out a description of your child's needs (what he or she can and can not do) and what needs to be done to meet those needs. Typically, only a very small number of children with especially complex and large needs – which require very high levels of support, are issued with a statement.

Be Your Child's Biggest Supporter

You're a stronger advocate for your child when you foster good partnerships with everyone involved in your child's treatment – that includes teachers, doctors, therapists, and even other family members. Take advantage of all the support and education that's available, and you'll be able to help your child navigate his or her way to success. However it's really important that you are strong and do not give up; sometimes you will have to fight your corner on behalf of your child who can not do it for themselves.

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Dyspraxia – A Parent’s Guide

First of all Dyspraxia IS NOT Dyslexia – they are two different conditions and have very different effects. Many people have heard of Dyslexia but are not so aware of Dyspraxia.

Its funny out everything has a label these days and it makes things seem to just appear – “oh everyone seems to have this ADHD these days” – but often this labeling is actually just re-labeling. In the case of Dyspraxia it is nothing new and was more commonly known as clumsy child syndrome which of course is no longer PC.

Developmental dyspraxia is an injury or immaturity of the organization of movement. It is an immaturity in the way that the brain processes information, which results in messages not being properly or fully transmitted. The term dyspraxia comes from the word praxis, which means 'doing, acting'. Dyspraxia affects the planning of what to do and how to do it. It is associated with problems of perception, language and thought.

Dyspraxia is thought to affect up to ten per cent of the population and up to two per cent severely. Males are four times more likely to be affected than females. Dyspraxia sometimes runs in families. There may be an overlap with related conditions.

Other names for dyspraxia include Developmental Co-ordination Disorder (DCD), Perceptuo-Motor Dysfunction, and Motor Learning Difficulties. It used to be known as Minimal Brain Damage and Clumsy Child Syndrome.

Statistically, it is likely that there is one child in every class of 30 children, and we need to make sure that everyone understands and knows how best to help this significant minority.

TIP 1 Its important to know at this point that Dyspraxia and Dyspraxic children are all individual and their challenges, needs and symptoms can vary greatly. Their conditions are not usually clear cut either as they can also have other “overlap” conditions such as Dyslexia, ADHD, Dyscalculia, Autism, etc.

TIP 2 Having a child who has dyspraxia affects the whole family. You may find that you gear all family life around the needs of that child, but it is possible that this can leave brothers and sisters feeling jealous and neglected.

To help everyone, you could

  • Try activities which involve the whole family equally
  • Encourage each child to develop their own hobbies and interests so that comparisons are irrelevant – my son gave up Taekwondo when his sister got better than him. Now he plays junior ice hockey and his sister is not allowed to join in, that's HIS activity.
  • Talk to your partner about the problems and be open about how you both feel -often one partner can be disinterested or in denial, its important to work together
  • Try to arrange time each week to concentrate on each child, and your partner
  • Take time for yourself and keep in touch with friends
  • Join a local support group. Some groups run events which include siblings

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Tourette Syndrome – Helping Children and Adults Who Have This Unusual Disorder

Although I never knew what Tourette Syndrome was until I was in my 30's, I have become very familiar with this disorder in the past 4 or 5 years.

Let me introduce to you my son. Dakota is the coolest little guy! Very handsome, a hard worker for a 10 year old, a mechanical problem solver, and he has a heart of gold!

When he was 6 or 7, I received a phone call from his teacher, letting me know that he appeared to be having trouble with his eyes. He was blinking a little different than normal. I thought maybe he had been playing his favorite computer games a little too much.

Within a few weeks / months of this phone call, Dakota's body started jerking, of all places, in his backside. The family noticed because it was quite attention-grabbing. But with a most serious face, my little man told me something along the lines of, “I'm not doing that, Mom. I still did not know what Tourette's was, but realized that he was very serious and telling me the truth.

I started to watch Dakota after this, and noticed how he would be concentrating intentionally on something, and continue to have the jerking movement, without his even realizing it. I pointed this out to my husband.

Fortunately, my husband had heard of Tourette's, and we looked some information up about it on the internet. My initial reaction was to cry-I knew nothing about this new name in my house. But to my great relief, I learned that it is not a terminal illness, and that it is not harmful, unless someone has a severe condition with Tourette's, and they can possibly harm themselves.

So what is Tourette Syndrome? It is a neurological disorder that causes involuntary movements in a person. It also affects sounds that they make. What feels very unique to me about this disorder is that that moves around the body. For a few weeks, you may see severe eye blinking, and then it moves on to body jerking, and then it moves on to facial contourions, and then it moves on to severe neck and shoulder movement.

Some of the other things I've learned about Tourette's:

– It affects more males than females, and usually begins to show up near the ages of 6-10.

– Some people “outgrow” Tourette's in adulthood.

– It is not a terminal illness that will shorten a person's lifespan.

– Most people do not need medication for this disorder-only if it causes them injury in their lives.

You can read much more about it at http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tourette/detail_tourette.htm . I found this website's information very informative, and after 4 years of living with Tourette's, learned a few more things about the reasons my son probably feels the way he does about certain things.

Since many of us most likely know someone who is affected by Tourette Syndrome, I would like to offer suggestions on how to help a person who has Tourette's, and their family members or friends, as well.

Never joke about Tourette Syndrome. It is no funnier than a person with diabetes, or who is in a wheelchair. People with Tourette's did not choose to be born with this disorder. The two times I've heard “outsiders” talking about Tourette's in my 30's, they were both making fun. I do find this offensive.

You absolutely must have patience with a person who has Tourette's. There are times when Dakota will talk to me, and he stops every few words because of involuntary facial complaints. Another time, believe it or not, every few steps he took, he felt the need to pull his sock up. As silly as it may seem to us, we need to remember that the person with Tourette's is not seeking attention, and is not consciously doing these things. It would be very rude to interrupt their sentences because of our impatience. We need to have the same patience with their speech as we would with a person who has a sever stuttering problem.

There are times when Dakota clears his throat over and over again, and when small sounds come out continuously when he is not talking. We do not criticizeize or “make” him stop, He can not help it.

Treat a person with Tourette's like a normal human being. Never treat them like they have a contagious illness, or like they are weak, or different. They are not mentally retarded because they have Tourette's. They are just like us, and they have feelings that can be hurt if we treat them like they are mentally retarded or “strange”. My little guy takes regular school courses at his own age level, loves to help his dad stack firewood, loves to play in the woods, eats like a horse, has a lot of energy, likes to ride four-wheelers, has a weekend job helping our neighbors with their pets, and likes anything else any other 10 year old boy does! He is a friendly young man, and has lots of friends!

Do not be afraid of the subject if Tourette's comes up in conversation. It is not something to dwell on, but is not something to avoid. I recently learned that a person with Tourette's can have depression and a few other related emotions. The person with the disorder may feel the need to talk about it sometimes. They may need your reassurance that they are great just the way they are! Avoiding the subject when it is brought up may also make them feel like a person with cancer — a subject that people want to stay in denial about.

Relaxing around a person with Tourette's is the best thing we can all do. We can all do our part and treat them the way we would like to be treated.

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Overcoming Reading Development Disabilities Like Dyslexia and Lazy Eye

Too often children have developmental disabilities that make it difficult for them to achieve the desired results in their school work. Often, such developmental disabilities are not known right away and they show up in their report cards and grades. Of course there are ways to overcome these things.

If you or your child has dyslexia – well do not worry about the Dyslexia, Richard Branson has Dyslexia, and he is a Billionaire many times over; You see, there are even reports that show Dyslexics have an average of 15% higher IQ than the average person. Who knows you or your child may even be higher?

Now, if you have trouble reading, that's okay, because .pdf documents on the internet have a feature that reads aloud to you. When I was younger, I had a lazy eye. I was not too good at reading, it actually was quite a problem back then, it put me to sleep – later corrected with glasses. Whereas, Dyslexia is not correctable, but over time you can learn to compensate for it.

For those who tell me they have Dyslexia or a slight developmental disability, well I say so what? So you have to work harder than anyone else. Do you think Tiger Woods would not be winning if he automatically had to shoot 2 shots less each game to win? Heck no – he'd still win, you know why? Because that's what winners do!

So, when I hear someone discussing their developmental disability and tell me it is a gift, I say; “you are correct, it is a gift, go with it!” It means you are unique, that is a huge blessing, you are one of the lucky ones! Think on That.

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Why Behavior Charts Don’t Work

The idea behind behavior charts is that they'll improve compliance and motivation in every single child or student. Do they? Of course not. These charts have built-in problems. You know it. I know it. And that's another reason teachers despair psychologists. Even though behavior charts do not work, many counselors still recommend them. It's kind of like pouring diesel in your gasoline-powered car and wondering why it does not run well.

The main problem is that behavior behaviors get students focused on a reward. After a while, these children do what we call satiate. To understand what this means, think about the last time you were really hungry for a chicken sandwich (or a Caesar salad, or whatever your favorite dish is). If I give you a hot, fresh chicken sandwich, it tastes great. If I give you another, it tastes awesome too. By the third or fourth one, the flavor begins to lose its appeal. And by the seventh one, you do not like chicken sandwiches at all. At this point, you are satiated.

The other problem with focusing kids on a reward or privilege is it does not enhance their relationship with you. What are they focused on: You or the reward? What do you want them focused on? You got it: They need to work on improving their relationship with you.

Likewise, it's important for you to notice when your student is behaving and moving in the right direction. As we learned earlier, it's not just a problem with the student. We adults play a role, too. The following exercise will show you how to make a different type of behavior chart – one that will actually work for you!

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Cerebral Palsy Tests – Diagnosing Cerebral Palsy

Determining if a child has cerebral palsy (CP) is hard to do. The easiest way to diagnosis a child is to run tests in order to rule out other conditions. The reason for this is because other conditions can have the same symptoms. Tests will be given so they can determine if your child has CP.

Although there is not one test to determine CP on its own, however doctors will run a series of tests so they can rule out other conditions. A main symptom of is the delay of their development and for this reason is why doctors usually use tests of motor skills. This way they can see if the child is meeting the developmental milestones.

Cerebral Palsy Tests: Looking for Brain Damage

All the causes of CP have yet to be discovered, however the number one cause of it is damage done to the brain. How the brain damage occurs is not known but most of the time it happens during the development of the fetus. The other part of the time brain damage can happen during the birth of your child up to early childhood.

To identify damaged to the brain doctors perform brain scans. Types of brain scans include:

  • Cranial ultrasound- this test is given when a baby is born before 37 weeks. Using this imaging method can show the soft tissues of the brain.
  • Computed tomography (CT scan) – this is used to be able to see a picture of the brain from many different positions.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) – The use of magnets and radio waves to allow a more detail image of the brain.
  • Electroencephalogram, (EEG) – is used to measure electrical activity in the brain and is performed on babies that have had seizures.

Other CP Tests

Additional tests that may help to determine or rule out a cerebral palsy diagnosis include:

  • Blood tests
  • Genetic tests
  • Metabolic tests
  • Vision and hearing testing

Each test used to diagnose your child depends on the symptoms.

After the Tests: What Next?

Cerebral palsy tests only diagnose the child it does not tell us why your child developed the condition. Most of the time it is not clear what caused the condition, however, if it was due to medical negligence the evidence will be clear. Some questions to think about if your child has CP.

  • Was your baby born after a difficult labor?
  • Did you child get enough oxygen at all times during labor and delivery?
  • Was there a use of forceps, other related instruments or unnecessary force used during delivery?

There are other forms of incorrect not mentioned above so if you have any questions regarding your child's condition and delivery you can seek the professional advice of a medical malpractice attorney. They will evaluate your case for free and advise you of your legal rights.

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Autism – How Medical Testing Can Help

Individuals with autism can and do lead normal lives with the proper medical care and treatment. The main reason it is important to perform various medical testing is to determine or pinpoint specific problems in a person with autism.

Autism is referred to a group of major developmental disorders. The patients have problems with behavior, social relationship, and communication. In most cases, autism is not diagnosed until a child arrives the age of three and begins to exhibit abnormalities in the child's development or behavior. However, some signs of autism can be noted while the child is still in infancy, such as a noticeable lack of crying, arching away from touching, extreme fussiness, and avoiding eye contact.

The various medical testing that can provide doctors with the information they need in order to properly treat autism include food allergies, heavy metals, vitamin analysis, neurotransmitters, amino acids, Candida, fatty acid profile, and histamine levels.

In order to treat children with autism parents as well as doctors will need to determine what type of the therapeutic option will work best for each child. Each child with autism is different just as each child is different. The various problems have to be treated with properly for each child. The nervous system imbalances and immune system imbalances will need to be identified prior to developing targeted therapeutic treatment plans.

Food allergy testing will provide the physician as well as parents with the ability to know the foods that may be impairing the digestive system. Pinpointing these problems is a great help as the foods can then be avoided. Amino acids testing can aid in providing information of deficiencies in the neurotransmitter building blocks, sensitivities to chemicals, as well as nutritional imbalances.

Heavy metals in the body can cause numerous adverse effects. Learning if the child has any type of toxic substance in the body such as arsenic, lead, mercury, etc … can be a help. Vitamin analysis will provide much needed information regarding dietary deficiencies or imbalances.

Neurotransmitters testing will show imbalances in the chemistry of the brain which can affect behavior and learning. Children with autism often have high levels of Candida in their intestines and low levels of essential fatty acids.

It is recommended that the following lab tests be done to help determine the best medical care.

o evaluation of immune function and imbalance in T-helper-1 / T-helper-2 cytokines
o food allergy testing
o intestinal barrier function tests
o neurotransmitter testing
o presence of infectious agents such as viruses, fungus
o neuroimmune antibody status
o heavy metals and protection by metallothionein

Once tests results are determined, parents and doctors alike will be able to decide what treatments are best for the child to help with the symptoms so they can live a more normal life.

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Grow Taller Methods

Taller is better. No matter how reassuring other people might be if you are short or your posture is relatively bad then you should try to do something to change that. It is perfectly fine if you are searching for ways to grow taller and increase your height, especially if that affects your mood, your self confidence and even your professional life. It is most likely because you believe that you can no longer increase your height, if you are after puberty. The question is can you increase your height? How to grow taller?

The answer is that you can actually grow taller after puberty, if you follow particular proven methods. The first has to do with grow taller systems. Most of them are really scams and can not help you effectively with your problem. They will waste both your money and your time. There are solutions that have proven to be both safe and effective and which promote the buildup of growth tissue and retards breakdown of muscles and bones during or after exercise. For best results we suggest good diet, an improved HGH level and a proportional post to help you get best results. Bones are living tissues that can be helped and nurtured by you provided that you have the right system to boost your height.

These systems can help you achieve the amplification of your own growth abilities by stimulating your growth hormones while you are sleeping. What you need is a safe growth formula to help you grow taller permanently and safe, with no abnormal genital growth or any specific body part deformation. HGH releasers are a safe and natural alternative to HGH injections simply because they work with your body to stimulate your pituitary gland to release more of your own human growth hormone.

These systems though work better when combined with the right exercises. High intensity anaerobic exercises such as growing taller stretching exercises, swimming and cycling has been shown by studies and numerous researchers to help the production of “grow taller” enzymes. These exercises are known to inducing the growth hormone and doctors prescribe stretching exercises for short teenagers and adults due to the fact that they yield some serious amounts of human growth hormone. HGH can thicken the cartilage, increase the bone's density and help, thus, in height growth.

Many years of scientific research and continuous experiments prove that almost everyone can gain height permanently, regardless of age. This is what some height increase systems do, in an absolutely safe way; help you increase your height and get taller within a short period of time, in a natural way, by stimulating and enforcing your own growth abilities, without any weird side effects. The great advantage is that they are designed in such a way to help people grow taller, however their benefits do not stop there: good posture, smoother breathing, less tiredness a strong immune system are a few additional good effects that come with the stimulation of your own growth hormone.

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