Browsing: Developmental Disabilities

ADHD Treatment in Children

ADHD treatment in children means drug therapy too. According to some specialists this is the first line therapy. All that the child needs is some stimulant drugs that help him / her to have usually in his / her surrounding. The drug treatment of the child must be multidimensional. The stimulants seem to work best when the question of treatment with drugs come to the forefront.

Again the question of side effect can not be ruled out. These side effects prevent them from taking the medicines for a long time. Again it has been noted too that the children who have been given the ADHD medications although have responded to drugs there remain some problems associated with them. How can these problems be tackled?

Next there are some children who have never given the drugs yet they have recovered. This is not absolutely true. It may be so that these children have mild symptoms. Again there are many children who strongly object when they are given the medicines. The teenagers are more prone in averting the medicines by any means. In this critical situation if they are forced to take medicines the result will obviously be a catastrophic one. Then what to do?

It is a well-known theory that there are many medicines for the children suffering from ADHD. But this is not the last answer. It has been noted too that some children show no response to medicines that are given to them. Although the matter can never be discarded that medicine to a large extent helps the children suffering from ADHD still there are so many children who never respond to medicines. Here when the question of ADHD treatment in children comes the matter must be taken into account that the children are sure to recover.

It is absolutely fine to find the other means of treating the problem. The best therapy that has been used for a long time is the behavior therapy. It can be taken when one takes the drug. The therapy helps the children to make out some simple notions that easily lead them to behave appropriately in the society.

The relationship between the parents and the children is tied with a knot of friendship. If the child notices that his / her marks in the examination have made the parents jubilant he / she is sure to be motivated. Same thing can be told in respect of the teachers. The teachers should all the way encourage the child suffering from ADHD. If the child receives warm ovation from the teacher after each examination it is sure that he / she is sure to be motivated. Actually what needs is to highlight the child's interest providing him / her positive consequences.

The main target of the physician is to offer the child the best result. Here near the drug treatment and behavior treatment there are many other modes of treatment to combat ADHD. The other effective treatments are alternative treatment, treatment with zinc and Feingold diet and obviously music therapy.

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The Importance Of Pediatric Wheelchairs

The loss of mobility is a devastating blow to any adult, but to a child, limited mobility is even more calamitous. The first thing a child who has become limited in mobility will miss is his or her freedom. It is paramount that a sense of freedom be restored quickly, through the use of a pedestrian wheelchair.

There are many models of pedestrian wheelchairs available today; as the wheelchair will become the child's primary method of movement, it is important to quickly and carefully assess what model is most compatible with the child's needs. Parents need not make this decision without guidance. Doctors and staff at physical therapy centers are available to help with this important decision.

Professionals will help assess the child's needs and recommend appropriate powered electric wheelchairs based on their assessment. One of the factors that will be taken into consideration is posture support and seating needs. Some wheelchairs are equipped to help children stay upright, when they can not hold them up.

Comfortable and safe seating for different postures needs is available, to cushion children and prevent pressure sores. Ability to use controls is also taken into account; some wheelchairs use joystick systems to direct motion, others use switches, and some even use breath control for children who have limited dexterity. Wheelchairs vary not only in their controls, but also in their functionality. Some wheelchairs are able to attain higher speeds than others.

Front wheel drive chairs are able to make sharp turns, but have only moderate speed. Rear wheel drive chairs attain high speeds but are difficult to maneuver in tight spaces. Mid-wheel drive chairs have extremely good maneuverability. Both physical and lifestyle needs must be taken into account when choosing a pedestrian wheelchair.

Pediatric wheelchairs are long-term investment that can grow with a child. All chairs can be modified with extensions; back, arm, foot, and leg rests can grow to accommodate a child's lengthening limbs and body. Chairs are also equipped with several position settings, so that children can better maintain their sense of comfort and freedom; not only can they move them through space, they can change the way they are located in space.

Doctors and physical therapists should not be the only individuals consulted when choosing a pediatric chair. The child who will use the chair should also have an active role in picking a wheelchair. Consult your child, and include him or her in your discussions.

Understand not only your child's physical needs, what lifestyle choices he or she wants to make. Only through the procurement of the appropriate chair will your child fully regain a sense of freedom.

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Stair Lift Installation – Quick Guide

A Stair lift is a piece of equipment which is utilized by aged individuals or else people with disabilities to move up and down the staircase effortlessly. When you are in the process of installing Stair Lifts, this would necessitate the direction and expertise of skilled professionals however you must have a basic awareness of what occurs when you are getting a Stair Lift installed.

When you are getting a Stair Lift installed no matter if it is by means of a service provider in Philadelphia, New York or else New Jersey there are essential aspects of the mechanism which you must be aware of. Remember that this machinery is dependent on rails or else a track on top of which it runs. Furthermore, Chains are utilized so as to carry the chair up or down the mounted tracks. Typically, there are two tracks which are installed on each side of the staircase, routinely the one which is adjoining the wall. Additional factors to reflect on as far as stair lift installation are concerned; are the measurement lengthwise of the staircase, and this must match up with the measurement lengthwise of the track, in addition to the kind of seat or else platform which has been structured by the user themselves.

There are certain things you must pay attention to, during the Stair Lift installation process. Remember that the measurement lengthwise of the rail is amidst the vital aspects that the installers should take notice of. Moreover, the mobility products which you can accomplish on your own must be appropriately measured so as to make sure that the user will not face any issues consequent to the installation.

The initial process must incorporate the laying of the tracks. See to it that the track which is lower is laid out foremost. Moreover, there should also be Brackets which are required so as to keep these rails in position, typically at the apex, middle as well as the lower stop of the stairs. Thus, the longer the rail, the greater is the requirement for extra brackets in the center.

After that, you must assess the insertion of the call box wiring, which essentially aids the device to move upward and down the span of the tracks as well as commands it to draw closer or down as soon as there is a requirement for it. See to it that the box's wire should be kept away from the track to guarantee that it does not get wedged as the haul up gifts. As soon as the call box wiring is completed, the higher track must be fixed to the lower track. The chain is subordinate to the complete track and should move with ease by means of a pulley theory. The power cable for the seat must pursue that and then the seat.

It is advisable to check the device properly before the installers depart. These are the basic steps which are required, in Stair Lift installation.

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Tips on How to Install Wheelchair Ramp

A person who has certain disabilities can easily be dropped on top of a step, or else they can be assisted in alternate ways to enter a building, however nearly all people with disabilities desire to have as much freedom as possible. In this regard, a handy ramp is a useful device that can give that independence. There are some tips to assist you in Wheelchair Ramp Installation.

In the initial step, determine the stair which the ramp will connect to, so you will discern the length of the ramp. The Americans with Disabilities Act necessitates that ramps should be 1 foot long which is for every inch of height. This regulation also ensures that the ramp proffers user-friendship. Next, see to it that you provide the chair additional room on the elevation. The ramp should be no less than 4 feet in width.

Ensure that you acquire a strong portion of plywood which is then cut to size. Make use of 4 x 4's to secure the crown of the ramp, close to the step. Tack no less than 4 feet to the peak of the ramp. See to it that you place extra anchors along the wall of the ramp as desirable. The ramp must be positioned in a way that you can walk on the ramp devoid of it twisting.

Subsequently, see to it that you put down the base of the ramp as near to the floor as probable so that the disabled person in the wheelchair can effortlessly move forward against the ramp, and when you are doing this remember that 1/2 to 1 inch is good enough. Thus, if you have a 1-inch portion of plywood like your ramp, additional feet at the base is unnecessary.

You should remember to paint the Handicap ramp by means of waterproof paint if you wish to place it outside permanently. This type of ramp can be simply moved as well as set into place minimally when you could do with it. You should pile it up so that it is away from the rain if you arerely utilize it for visitors in wheelchairs. The elevation must be maintained when you are in the process of Wheelchair Ramp Installation, since, if a ramp is too precipitous, a disabled person in a wheelchair could do with help when they are getting on the ramp and it can be easier said than done for the pusher to get it up and about without training.

These are the aspects which you must keep in mind when you are entailing Wheelchair Ramp Installation. You can also select your preferred Handicap Ramp in the mid of the Wheel Showrooms which are located at Philadelphia, New Jersey or else New York.

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What You Can Do About Your Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Other Than to Pop Those Pills

Have you ever had the chance to be around someone with adult attention defectic disorder? It can be an affliction that completely disruptions a person's ability to live and work productively. Certainly, some drugs do work well suppressing the effects of ADHD. Ritalin, Vyvanse and Concerta, for instance, have powerful effects on important chemicals in the brain that disrupt a person's ability to concentrate and focus. But doctors recommend a few alternative methods – lifestyle changes and such – by which your symptoms can be helped too. These work well in a complementary capacity with your standard prescription.

While the standard drugs for attention deficiency disorder certainly does appear to be effective, the fact that they come with harmful incidental effects is not something that can be ignored either. Take any of these drugs, and you're stuck with an inability to sleep, a headache, nausea and a poor appetite. You can ask your doctor about a drug for ADHD called Strattera, that does not come with these side effects. If no drug seems to really work well for you, you could consider cognitive behavioral therapy. The therapy process can help someone with adult attention defect disorder to focus on their thought patterns, and to pay attention to their self-image in a way that can help them overcome the obstacles that ADHD presents them with every day of their lives. It usually does not help anyone to take up therapy alone in place of the drugs they need though. Therapy helps drugs work better than they usually do by themselves.

One of the best ways in which cognitive behavior therapy works, is through education. Your therapist points you to resources you can make use of to really learn about exactly how attention deficit works and succeeds in distracting you a thousand times a day. Learning about how the disease works helps you blame yourself less for what happens. You begin to get the tools you need to see how the disease makes it hard for you to concentrate even if you really want to. Therapy will also help you understand how attention deficiency disorder can affect relationships and a professional life. With family therapy and marriage counseling thrown in, life is bound to become much more manageable.

Attention deficient loves distractions. One of the best ways you have of succeeding in fighting distraction on a practical level would be to actually physically remove distractions from your surroundings. For instance, you can make sure that the room in which you need to work does not have a television, your cell phone or magazines. You could also buy a pair of noise-canceling headphones to help minimize intrusive noise. People with ADHD have a problem with being impulsive. They will say anything that comes to their minds without actually thinking. That does not have to be you though. Force yourself to consider things for a few seconds before you actually say it out. And finally, exercise helps take out some of that nervous energy you have. Sign up for dancing lessons or an aerobics session. You will find yourself a lot calmer in the end.

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What Is Williams Syndrome?

Williams Syndrome, sometimes known as Williams-Beuren Syndrome is a rare genetic condition named after the doctor who first described it.

How rare? Well, different sources estimate that it affects between one in every 8,000 or 25,000 births, depending on which website you read. That's pretty rare.

It's a genetic condition, meaning it is caused by something in the genes of the person affected. This is usually a random event. It does not happen because of something a mother did in pregnancy or something you could have avoided. It just happens at random every now and then, though if someone with Williams Syndrome (WS) has children themselves, there is a 50% chance of passing the condition onto one of their children. More information on the genetic basis of WS can be found in other articles in this series and on a number of websites on the internet.

The syndrome was first named in 1961 by a Dr Williams based New Zealand. The fact that this is a “syndrome” means that there are several features and that not all affected people show all of the Williams Syndrome symptoms or to the same degree. I guess this also emphasizes that people affected are also unique individuals who have some things in common. Today it is possible to have a genetic test to confirm any suspected Williams Syndrome diagnosis.

Some of the things you might notice are that children often show delayed development and possibly feeding problems such as colic or vomiting. This is often described as a failure to thrive.

Parents may also be worried that children learn to walk later than most toddlers and are slow to develop speech. They do catch up later though so this delay is just a sign to watch out for as it often raises concerns.

As they get a little older you might notice that Williams children have a fascination for music, listening to it, singing along or playing instruments; hearing music can affect them deeply. Their speech also develops fluently after a slow start and children with WS are often described as over-friendly and are very comfortable with the presence of adults, even strangers.

Most people with Williams Syndrome symptoms have some degree of learning difficulty, particularly as applied to math or numbers, and either as children or adults, they often have a characteristic “look” about them. They are often shorter in height than any siblings and their faces show common features including slightly predictable eyes, a smaller upturned nose, a longer than average gap between nose and upper lip and small or wider spaced teeth are often visible through an open mouth. The overall effect is sometimes described as an “elfin face”.

If you suspect Williams Syndrome symptoms in a child or adult, it is worth getting medical advice and possibly seeking a genetic test. It only needs a small blood sample to be taken and analyzed. There are a number of medical conditions associated with Williams Syndrome, probably related directly to the genetic deletion. These medical conditions will appear at different times and should be monitored in a person with WS to ensure they maintain good health through life.

Someone with this syndrome can live a full and happy life if supported appropriately and I'm happy to begin to share some of the information you need to make this happen.

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What Causes Williams Syndrome Symptoms?

Williams Syndrome is a rare genetic condition caused by a small deletion of genetic material from one copy of chromosome 7.

If you're looking for this syndrome, the chances are that you know someone affected by symptoms, a Williams person, and are wondering just how this happened.

I'd like to take a few minutes to explain some of the basic ideas that might help you understand the science behind the causes of Williams Syndrome (WS). If you're the parent of a child with Williams Syndrome symptoms or a positive diagnosis of WS, this might help to put your mind at rest especially if you're beginning to wonder “Is it my fault?”.

All our genes are inherited in our chromosomes and contain the biological instructions about how to make our bodies. We get one set of chromosomes from our Mom, another from our Dad. That means we have two copies of most genes in our bodies.

In a person affected by WS, somewhere along the line, possibly in the formation of the egg or the sperm cell or maybe very early after conception, a random event deletes a small piece from one copy of chromosome 7. The size of the missing piece is slightly different in different people but it often removes or deletes approximately 20 to 30 genes. The affected person then has only one copy of these genes on the other unaffected chromosome rather than the normal two copies.

The absence of these genes on chromosome 7 causes the many different effects we see in a Williams person. One gene that is central to this deletion and is absent in a majority of people affected by Williams Syndrome symptoms is the gene for a protein called elastin. If you thought that sounds a bit like “elastic” you'd be right.

This protein elastin occurs in types of muscle associated with things like the heart and blood vessels and the fact that Williams people have only one copy not two, contributions to the fact that many have conditions which affect their cardiovascular system or blood vessels. Some people who do not have WS do have a mutation in their elastin gene and this is also associated with narrowing of their arteries.

Many Williams Syndrome symptoms are associated with a narrowing of the arteries, probably caused by this one missing elastin gene. It leads to conditions such as aortic stenosis or renal artery stenosis. Do not worry if you do not know what that means just yet, it's something a doctor can and should check for and a great place to start is making a simple blood pressure measurement as many people with WS have high blood pressure.

In WS there are many other missing genes. The functions of these are not yet fully understood but we know that some are associated with speech and language development, some are involved with co-ordination of movements or with visuo-spatial processing. Together the absence of these genes contributes to the different Williams Syndrome symptoms commonly seen. Verbal fluency and over-friendship, learning disabilities, clumsiness or poor co-ordination.

If you're interested in a more detailed discussion of the symptoms of Williams Syndrome or understanding how a “simple deletion” can have such a wide range of different effects look out for other special science reports written specifically for people living with or caring for a Williams person.

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Williams Syndrome Symptoms

The genetic defect that causes Williams Syndrome is a deletion of between 15 and 30 genes from chromosome 7. Although this is just a very small piece of DNA in comparison to our total number of genes, the effects can be very profound. Consequently, there are many different Williams Syndrome symptoms that may come into play at different times of their life, some more acute in childhood, others developing with age.

Things that you tend to notice first are that very young children can have feeding problems (colic, reflux, vomiting) and they may fail to thrive. Their development is often delayed in many ways, they are often slow to speak and can be slow to learn to walk. Once mobile, they are often very active and into everything. Some show signs that would have been associated with hyperactivity syndromes like ADHD.

Most people with Williams Syndrome or WS, have a characteristic look about them, a Williams Syndrome appearance. They are often shorter in height than any siblings and their faces show common features including slightly sooner or puffy eyes, a smaller upturned nose, a longer than average gap between nose and upper lip and small or wider spaced teeth are often visible through an open mouth . A small, slightly pointed chin completes this elfin-face appearance.

Teeth, when they erupt, can be unevenly spaced, some may be missing and they can have weak or damaged enamel. Their teeth are usually very visible through that infectious, wide-mouted smile.

On the positive side, when Williams children do learn to talk they are often very skilled and appear as very friendly and talkative. They connect well with people, particularly adults, even strangers and have conversations that are both delightful and surprising as they often talk in a way that seems unusual for children. While this often makes them very likeable, they sometimes ask inappropriate or persistent questions as they do not quite understand social boundaries and it can also make them vulnerable as they are so trusting of strangers.

Even as children, Williams people often have a real love for music and can enjoy performing and being at the center of attention. They often show a surprising degree of profitability, perhaps intuitively playing a musical instrument or remembering tunes and words of songs almost effortlessly.

Less visible symptoms of Williams Syndrome are medically every bit as important.

The genetic deletion removes one copy of the gene for elastin, a protein which occurs in the muscles lining our arteries. This elastin deficiency may contribute to problems with blood vessels (aortic stenosis or renal artery stenosis) which can be too narrow or to heart murmurs. These should be actively monitored through life.

Some affected children also show hypercalcaemia, that is, too much calcium which can lead to deposits of calcium in the kidneys. This can be monitored though it is sometimes good to avoid giving children with WS calcium supplements.

Many Williams people also have issues with urination and / or constipation, conditions which again need monitoring and management. Toilet training can be a real issue for parents or carers of affected children and these problems can affect adults too.

Most Williams people have some degree of learning difficulty, particularly as applied to math or numbers. Some children can enter mainstream schools with some degree of support but a majority will need more specialized educational support or schooling. While many are very capable to speak fluently and some develop good, or acceptable reading and writing skills, their numeracy skills are often poor in comparison. Even simple arithmetic can be very difficult and many WS children have great difficulty counting money or telling the time.

I hope I've managed to explain how complex the Williams Syndrome symptoms can appear. Not all people are affected by all symptoms and the only way to be certain is to genetically test someone who you suspect is affected. The genetic cause links directly with physical hits which can lead to significant medical problems if they are not actively managed and monitored but which can be treated successfully.

There are also numerous behavioral and emotional manifestations that make living with or caring for a Williams person both rewarding and frustrating. I hope in this series of articles and related reports to give you some idea of ​​what to expect and how to get the best opportunity for everyone involved.

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Before the Willowbrook Developmental Center Exodus – The Mini-Teams

In the 1970s at the time of the Willowbrook Developmental Center (WDC) expose 'and before Cerebral Palsy Associations of New York State (CPNYS) was asked by the New York State Office of Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities (OMRDD) to take over the operation of several buildings at WDC, CPNYS was asked to take charge of the training of the direct-care staff at WDC.

At the time, because of the severe physical disabilities of the majority of the residents at WDC, a plan was proposed that would concentrate on those physical disabilities. That was the beginning.

It was decided to provide the necessary training to the direct care staff via small theologically qualified teams, which we called “Mini-Teams”

Each mini-team would consist of a physical therapist, an occupational therapist and a registered nurse. In addition, two teams would share one speech pathologist. Initially we sent two teams into WDC.

These teams went into every ward and trained the direct-care staff in every aspect of caring for individuals with multiple needs.

They taught the direct-care staff how to assist with Activities of Daily Living, taught proper feeding techniques, provided prescribed therapeutic services, adapted living quarters, ordered new wheelchairs and in general provided direct-care staff with the knowledge and ability to raise their job performance a hundred-fold.

Each team, according to the proposal, would spend four days per week at WDC and one day per week in the community, bringing WDC, and its residents, and the work of the mini-teams to the public.

To enable the community part of the plan, two large vans were purchased at Grummans, and outfitted as a mobile clinic.

After much thought, discussion, and debate, the mobile clinics were named CARTs; CART being the acronym for Community Assessment Rehabilitation Team. The mobile clinics had large letters, CART painted on the side, along with identification of Cerebral Palsy Associations of New York State as the operator.

Each team member went out to the Grumman's plant in Farmingdale, NY and learned how to drive the large mobile clinics. It was quite different than driving a passenger car.

Once each week, usually on a Friday, the two CARTs would be driven to a local shopping mall and parked inside. The team would set up space adjunct to the CART and would act as a liaison between the residents at WDC and the public.

Many shoppers stopped to talk about their own problems or listen to stories about WDC and its residents. In addition the team members arranged appointments for individuals who needed medical or therapeutic services but did not know how to access them.

Because of the success of the mini-teams at WDC the OMRDD contracted with CPNYS for additional teams to be placed inside the Brooklyn Developmental Center.

In a relatively short time the philosophy of treating mainly the physical disabilities of the residents had been expanded into the creation of new living environments for the residents.

Within a few years there would be a grand exodus from the developmental centers in New York State, but it was vital that as long as there were individuals living in the centers, their living facilities should be as optimal as possible.

Drab walls were bright painted and huge wards were broken down into small functional units. Beds and equipment were adapted to the individuals instead of just fitting them into available carts.

Had the mini-teams really accomplished anything, as the developmental centers were virtually closed and the large major residents were to finally remain in the community.

The answer was that the mini-teams had completed a great deal. They provided an enhanced living situation to the residents of WDC until the time when they would leave WDC and enter a new life in the community.

The mini-teams were the vanguard of future community involvement by agencies providing services to individuals who are developmentally disabled.

That was the legacy of the mini-teams.

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Taking Care of ADHD (Top Five Ways to Take Care a Child With ADHD)

Taking care of ADHD afflicted children is no walk in the park. If you're a parent of one, chances are you've felt overwhelmed, frustrated, and at your wits' end on a daily basis. But there are ways to provide care for ADHD child regularly without having to experience negative feelings. Consider these top five ways to manage Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and live a relatively anxiety-free life with your child.

1. Keep strong; take care of yourself first.
This is by no means a selfish advice when it comes to taking care of ADHD kids. You will need to be immune from common illnesses, have a strong will, presence of mind, and be as healthy as you can be both mentally and physically. This should come on the top of the list of a caregiver, especially one providing care for ADHD child which requires lots of patience, agility, bodily strength, love, and understanding.
To prepare yourself for the tasks at hand, make sure to eat a nutritious diet, allocate ample time for exercise, do some meditation, and also have heart-to-heart talks once in a while with people that matter about your mission in taking care of ADHD in your child. It's also important to take a break once in a while to recharge, so you can be better equipped to fulfill your duties as a parent or guardian to a child with ADHD.

2. Seek the help of ADHD specialists, teachers, and therapists.
Taking care of ADHD should never be a solo endeavor. There are specialists who've studied and done research on Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and professionals who continue to be on top of things as far as this disorder is concerned. Do not hesitate to approach them. ADHD is something that will not go away when left to its own devices, like most childhood illnesses. Consult with ADHD therapists for the right kind of exercise your child can take, and a specialist for the sort of diet that's suited for them. Keep a constant and open communication with your child's teachers so you can chart progress, take note of problems, and put your heads together to come up with the best study routine for your kid.

3. Stick to a regular routine with your child.
Care for ADHD child requires a set routine and schedule that should be strictly followed. Establish one with the help of specialists, therapists, and teachers knowledgeable in taking care of ADHD, and implement it in your home and everywhere else your child goes. Meals, homework, play time, and bed time are some activities requiring regular schedules. Doing this will serve as guide for your child to fall into established routines while keeping ADHD triggers at bay and disabling the day's flow. To help you and your child, place clocks with big numbers all over your home to help both of you keep track of the time allocated for each task or schedule.

4. Be as orderly and as organized as you can be.
For your child to be organized, you have to set an example by being organized yourself. Fix up your home so that your kid knows where to get things needed for studying, playing, and other activities without getting needlessly frustrated. Get rid of clutter so your child will not get distracted while sticking to the established routine. Keep your home as quiet, neat, and as spacious as you can make it. Taking care of ADHD means making your home conducive to learning, living, and loving … and as stress-free as possible.

5. Consider safe, effective, and natural ADHD treatments over synthetic ones.
There was a time when taking care of ADHD means being prescribed strong doses of drugs to calm your child. ADHD's most common symptoms include impulsiveness, hyperactivity, and inattention. When these go on overdrive and start affecting your child's quality of life and their relationships with other people, then it's time to consider safer and proven remedies that do not have any harmful side effects. Sadly, some commonly prescribed medication robs ADHD kids of their childhood happiness and turns them into brooding kids pronounce to sadness and depression.

It's fortunately that there are now natural treatments available in the market in prepared, easy-to-take forms like capsules and tinctures as alternative care for ADHD child. If you wish to try out natural remedies, be on the lookout for effective herbs such as hyoscyamus, which has been used in homeopathic remedy to soothe restlessness and over-excitability. Also, tuberculinum, a natural stimulant to relieve boredom, feelings of discontent, and irritability; arsen iod, an extract that promotes balance, reduces frustration, temper tantrums, and outbursts; and verta alb, which is often recommended for hyperactive children by established homeopaths. This is an excellent way of taking care of ADHD that does not involve risk or side effects and is highly effective for kids and teens.

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Directional Dyslexia: Is It a Mild Form or the Worst Form?

Dyslexia is an embarrassing learning impact especially for those who are suffering under it. There are many types of dyslexia as well as the level of severity of each type. Mild dyslexia can be often seen among children in their preschool ages and can be effectively treated when diagnosed in its early stage. This type of dyslexia is further defined by symptoms such as difficulty in identifying and absorbing the individual sounds of letters in a word, limited memory, and mirror writing. Dyslexic children that tend to write letters in their opposite directions are classified to be suffering from mirror writing.

A person with mild dyslexia is often not diagnosed to have the said learning disability. This is simply because even those with such a mild type are still able to read. Milder and simpler modes of treatment are also the primary solution for such a case. Since this mild type of learning disability is often observed with the child's difficulty with letters and words, one effective way of dealing with it especially as a parent is by helping your child have fun learning activities instead of the simple and typical ones that are most likely to bring him frustration afterward.

When not raised at an early stage, the level of severity of such disorder can grow even higher and can evolve into other forms of learning impairment such as directional dyslexia. According to studies, eight of ten children who are already classified as dyslexic suffer from directional confusion. These children often have difficulty distinguishing directions and their counterparts. Directional confusion is also considered as the main and direct cause why dyslexic children are observed with mirror writing or writing letters backwards.

Directional dyslexia can also be commonly seen on children who often find it difficult to tie their shoe laces properly even after they have reached the age of five. Since such type of dyslexia is classified as a severe form of learning disability, proper and proven intervention needs to be very considered immediately. In dealing with a worse case of dyslexia, it would be better to seek professional assistance from people who are highly skilled and knowledgeable when it comes to this kind of things. And the first step of doing this is by conducting a diagnosis for a certain individual and utilizing the aid of specially designed dyslexia tests.

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Simple and Easy Steps in Diagnosing Dyslexia

Dyslexia is considered as a very serious learning impairment due to the increasing number of people suffering from it and the disturbing effects it can inflict to a person if proper treatments are not admitted in the earliest possible time. Although there are a lot of online screening tests that are made available to assess whether the person has dyslexia or not, a test or two may not be enough to make confirmation. Furthermore, the said learning disability comes in various forms and levels of severity that often directly depend on the person's age. Such a case can also worsen if not appreciated in the earliest possible time. Because of this, a special system of steps needs to be carefully considered when it comes to diagnosing dyslexia.

Even though a lot of online companies and official companies of various health organizations offer an online alternative for an assessment wherein anyone can conduct the test on his own, it is still a lot better to seek professional help. Administrators of local public schools are equipped with tests that aid in determining if a person is dyslexic or not. These persons are also well trained to handle this kind of tests appropriately. Looking deer into the family history of the person involved is also an effective way of diagnosing dyslexia. The said learning disability can be inherited from the parents but it does not necessarily mean that the child will most likely acquire the same type or sort of dyslexia and its severity.

Since dyslexia has a long line of signs and symptoms, it would be a better idea to familiarize yourself with these signs. By doing so, you can easily distinguish the person if he really has dyslexia or just a simple learning disorder. Dyslexia by the way is a specific type of learning impairment but when a person is diagnosed with learning impairment, it does not necessarily mean that he has dyslexia. Common symptoms that you may find useful in diagnosing dyslexia include the person's difficulty in learning the concepts of multiplication and simple alphabets and a sentence made up of words without a single capitalization and punctuation marks.

If a certain person and even yourself come out to be positive from diagnosing dyslexia, professional help should be acquainted. These professionals can either be a psychologist, psychiatrist or an education counselor who are well trained in administering a special type of learning goal for dyslexic individuals. Through the help of these people, a lot of people with dyslexia are now able to cope with the fast developing world.

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Visual Processing Training for ADHD and Dyslexia

Dyslexia and Reading Problems are common in people with ADHD. A study performed recently at the Mayo clinic and published in the Journal Pediatrics reported that 51% of boys and 47% of girls with a diagnosis of ADHD also had dyslexia or a reading problem. This compared to only 14.5% of boys and 8% of girls without and ADHD diagnosis.

We do not have the exact figures on the rate of dyslexia in children with Predominantly Inattentive ADHD vs. Combined type ADHD but we have no reason to believe, based on other research studies, that the visual processing skills on children with Inattentive ADHD is any better than the visual processing of the other subtype.

Visual processing training can help improve visual attention skills and can also help improve ADHD and reading disorders. Some researchers have suggested that problems with visual processing, auditory processing and working memory may be the core problems in adults and children with the Inattentive type of ADHD. The improvement of visual procession skills by computerized training has been documented in multiple studies. These computerized programs have, in the past, been expensive and required a visit to an Ophthomologist or Developmental Optometrist office. Now parents of children with ADHD and reading problems and adults with reading problems can receive visual processing training at home and for free.

A company out of England has a product called AgileEye which is designed to improve reading problems, dyslexia and the visual problems seen in ADHD. The science behind the benefits of the AgileEye program is sound and the program is easy to complete. Each session is 12 minutes long and there are only a total of 12 sessions. The online task is to keep the little car in the center of the road but this is not easy as the road and the car are moving as you perform the task.

There are other software programs out there intended to improve visual processing that are not designed to help ADHD, dyslexia or reading problems and it is possible that they might help with reading problems as well because they have not specifically been studied for this purpose. You can find AgileEye by typing that word in your computer browser. You can also find it in the section called “Free ADHD Stuff” at the Primarily Inattentive ADD webpage.

Kids and adults with ADHD are prone to have Dyslexia and Reading Problems. Using a free tool such as the CogniBeat AgileEye tool may improve the visual processing skills that are deficient in people with ADHD, Dyslexia and reading problems.

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What Is Dyslexia and How Does It Affect People?

Dyslexia is simply defined as a type of learning disability that can be observed and seen on individual in as early as their pre-school ages. Its more specific and more comprehensive definition is that it is a disorder with a neurological origin. Individuals suffering from such disability experience difficulties in recognizing and accommodating words in terms of speaking, reading, and spelling. Although there are some impairments that are mainly characterized by difficulty in reading, dyslexia symptoms make the said impairment far different from others.

The very definition of dyslexia grows even deeper with the symptoms that show on persons suffering from such learning disability under different age brackets. Dyslexia symptoms greatly vary under different age groups. Children who are suffering the said learning disability in their preschool stage are often observed with significant delays in speech development and are noticeably far behind in the learning new words. Young dyslexia sufferers can also be observed with mirror writing wherein letters are often written in their reversed forms. And because of these developmental drawbacks, preschool children with dyslexia find it hard coping with rhyming words particularly particularly those mentioned in nursery rhymes. On the other hand, children who are already in their primary education years have very poor reading and spelling performances. Even worse is that these children may not see the significant distinction between letters and words simply because word organizations through spaces are still not clear to them.

Dyslexia symptoms on people who are already in their secondary years and above are often not noticed by other people around them. This is simply because dyslexic people under these ages are already capable of hiding their disability. In a much bolder sense, dyslexic people are those who have IQ levels that are below the average with respect to their age. Up until now, there are still no proven and firm known causes of the discussed learning disability. Although dyslexia is often viewed as a result of various pathological conditions, a number of theories were formulated by health experts and researchers to provide a closer answer to the problem. These theories include Cerebral theory, Evolutionary hypothesis, Magnocellular theory, Naming speed deficit and double deficit theories, Perceptual visual-noise exclusion hypothesis, Phonological deficiency theory, Rapid auditory processing theory, and visual theory. Even though the aforesaid theories have various distinct definitions, most of them are significantly related to the central nervous system. You can visit our website for more information.

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Diagnosing ADHD

Because there is no actual single test for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, diagnosing ADHD generally involves making sure the behaviors exhibited are not because of other reasons. In other words, in order to rule in a diagnosis of ADHD, it is very important to rule-out other conditions! ADHD-type symptoms can be seen for a variety of reasons: depression, anxiety, learning disabilities, trauma, molestation, change, abuse, psychosocial problems, stressors (eg – divorce, job changes, moves, births or deaths), low IQ , medical conditions (such as thyroid problems, high lead levels, etc.), hearing or vision problems, epilepsy, sleep disorders or poor sleep habits, oppositionality and even poor parent management and discipline.

I have seen many, many children misdiagnosed as ADHD who had hearing problems, learning problems or experienced trauma. So, it is very, very important not to simply allow your child to be diagnosed based on behavioral observations, or a simple behavior rating scale. There tend to be way too much reliance and degree of significance given to a simple behavior rating scale, such as a Conners'.

Many school systems have a teacher fill out a behavior-rating scale, find the hyperactivity and / or inattention indicators to be significantly high, and tell parents that their child has ADHD, and they need to take her to a doctor and get medication. I have conducted dozens of teacher-in-services on this topic. Not only does this border on practicing medicine without a license, but their interpretation is frequently inaccurate. What the rating scales can show is that there are behaviors being displayed that are of concern and outside the normal range for a child of this age (based on normative scoring.) The behavior rating scale can be a useful diagnostic tool – a tool to be used along with other measures to insure accurate diagnosis.

Diagnosing ADHD should be based on at least all of the following:

• An in-depth psycho-social history – the child does not live in a vacuum
• Behavioral observations (parents, teachers and applicable others)
• Behavioral rating scales
• Developmental and medical history
• Physical exam conducted by the pediatrician – including vision and hearing screening and if indicated, certain blood tests and sleep studies; Many children have sleep disorders that create symptoms looking like ADHD

When there is still a question of WHY the behaviors are being exhibited, then psychological or psycho-educational assessment is indicated. The specific test instruments are determined based on the questions raised and what may need to be ruled in or out. So assessment (I do not use the word, 'tests' with kids because that imposes the possibility of failure and causes many to become angry. I usually say we have a bunch of work to do to see what they are good at and what they are not so good at, in order to help them have the best year in school possible.)

An assessment battery for diagnosing ADHD might include:

• IQ
• Academics
• Processing and perceptual measures
• Emotional (projective and subjective instruments)
• Personality
• Behavioral

It is a huge mistake to make a snap diagnosis of ADHD on the basis of behavioral observations or behavior rating scales alone. It is extremely important to fully explore the underlying causes of behavioral difficulties your child may be exhibiting! Talk to your doctor, school personnel and a child psychologist for a thorough assessment for diagnosing ADHD.

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