A child with cerebral palsy will have a group of neurological disorders that are caused due to injuries in the brain. Along with the condition that the child sufferers from, it will also give rise to many secondary disorders like difficulty in seeing, hearing, talking, feeding, toileting, walking and many more. All these conditions have to be treated on time with the help of therapies and exercises that will develop the child's ability to perform his daily activities independently. There are many therapies that can be performed on the child like speech and language therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, drug therapy and sensory integration therapy.
A physical therapist will try framing cerebral palsy training to the child to improve the development of large muscles like legs, arms and abdomen. These therapists will help children to learn better ways to move and balance, thus enabling them to develop their motor skills. They will also help children to learn using the wheelchair or stand by themselves or go up and down the stairs safely. Physical therapists will try adding a fun quotient too by making children run, kick, throw or ride a bike too! This therapy usually begins in the first few years soon after the diagnosis to prevent any musculoskeletal complications like weakening or deterioration of muscles.
An occupational therapist will help the child to improve development of small muscles of the body like hands, feet, face, fingers and toes. These therapists will teach the children to perform their daily activities like dressing, eating and making sure that they are properly positioned in wheelchairs. Beside, they also teach children easier and better ways to write, draw, dress and feed themselves and also how to cut with scissors and brush their teeth. Occupational therapy aims at providing the right special equipment that will make the day to day activities of a child easier and simpler.
A speech and language therapist will help develop better control of the jaw and muscles so that the child can see improvement in speech and language skills as well as eating abilities. They also help developing creative communication methods for those who can not speak. Here, a speech and language therapist will develop a child's communication skills by means of talking, using sign language or communication aid. For all those children who are able to talk, the speech therapist will help making their language clear or building their language skills by learning new words, learning to speak in sentences or improving their listening skills. For children who can not talk, they can learn sign language and use special equipment like a computer that talks to them.
The degree of severity of the condition varies in children and treatment is based accordingly. Since no two children will suffer the same disabilities, the consultation of a doctor and proper diagnosis before beginning the treatment is essential. Once the exact problem is determined, the therapists can form a cerebral palsy fitness program that will suit the special needs of your child and help overcoming their difficulties.