The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the area directly in front of the ear on both areas of the head where the upper jaw (maxilla) and lower jaw (mandible) meet. The temporomandibular joints (TMJ) are multifaceted and are made up of muscles, tendons, and bones.
TMJ is a group of situation that cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and the muscles that control jaw movement. The disarray and resulting dysfunction can result in significant pain and injury. Because the disorder transcends the boundaries between several healthcare authorities -in particular, dentistry and neurology-there are a variety of healing methods.
Occlusal Splint – Are called a night guard, it is designed to protect the teeth from further wear. These also will reduce the harshness of grinding at night and permit the muscles to relax.
Jaw Rest – You must relax your jaw for it to mend. The occlusive splint will help but other steps should be taken. You should not chew gum at all, gnaw your nails, grit your teeth together while conscious.
The medication – Pain drug can be prescribed. Often over the counter analgesics such as ibuprofen are enough. Sometimes we will prescribe medicine similar to Ibuprofen but a bit stronger. These prescriptions not only treat pain but reduce swelling as well to aid in the healing process.
Moist Heat – Moist heat is very helpful for the sore muscles of the TMJ. The penetrating moist heat promoters blood circulation in the muscle which helps in curing and relaxation of the muscle
Exercises – Simple jaw and neck exercises will help the muscles stretch. A good time to do some of these is in the warm, damp surroundings of the shower or bath.
Occalusal Adjustment – We evaluate all TMJ patient's bite with the T-Scan computerized bite analyzer. This machine shows exact bite strength on each tooth in the mouth during various motions. It allows conventional, efficient adjustments to be achieved when desired.
Physical Therapy – Physical therapy can help rest the muscles, augment joint elasticity, and the like. We can do some simple stretching treatment in the office.
Stress Management – Emotion and stress plays an important role in TMJ. TMJ may be a sign that the patient is under stress. Anything that helps you relieve stress is helpful. Take a hobby, such as reading, exercising, listening to music.
Recommendation – Specialists may be needed for the best treatment for your case. Judgment and / or treatment may be bought from doctors, oral surgeons, orthodontists, psychotherapists, physical therapists, or prosthodontists.
The test posed by TMJ disorders span the investigation spectrum, from origin to analysis through curing and deterrence. Researchers throughout the health sciences are working together not only to gain a better understanding of the TMJ and muscle disease process, and to improve quality of life for people have an effect on these disorders.