The Benefits of Getting an Assessment for Dyslexia in Adults – What You Need to Know

Dyslexia is a learning difficulty and there are adults who are trying to hide it and avoid talking about their difficulties. The mind of dyslexics work differently but it does not mean they can not excel. It has nothing to do with intelligence, there are people who have this condition but were able to succeed in their chosen professions. Getting an assessment for dyslexia in adults is important to help dyslexics cope with their difficulties.

Although dyslexics have learning difficulties, they are usually very creative and gifted on areas like arts, engineering, design and architecture. Alexander Graham Bell, Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, Leonardo Da Vinci are some of the many people who are dyslexics. They have their own way of thinking and doing problem solving. Dyslexics may need to try harder than those who are not dyslexics but they were able to develop great qualities like determination and being meticulous on details to make them succeed on their chosen fields. Proper diagnosis and detection of dyslexia is important to help dyslexics manage their difficulties and make things a little easier for them.

So what is the importance of getting an assessment for dyslexia in adults? If you are still in school or already working and experiencing difficulties that are normally easy to other people like difficulties in reading, spelling, organizing, sequencing, mathematical operations, managing time, following instructions and determining directions; getting a dyslexia assessment will help you know the reason for all your difficulties.

Although dyslexia can not be cured, it can be managed to help sufferers cope with their difficulties. Getting an assessment for dyslexia in adults will also help you determine the kind of treatments, trainings or therapies that you need to undergo to be able to cope with your difficulties. Different people with dyslexia have different severity of symptoms and they need different treatments. This can be determined through proper testing and diagnosis.

People who do not know that they have dyslexia often think that they are stupid or slow learners and with this kind of thinking their self-esteem are often affected. They became shy, aloof with people and they often have low self-confidence. Getting an assessment for dyslexia in adults will help you understand the nature of your difficulties and you will be able to understand that you are not dumb or stupid. Your mind works differently and it is not your fault or it has nothing to do with intelligence. With proper guidance and training, you can develop ways and strategies to cope on your difficulties.

It is not too late to get tested for dyslexia, getting an assessment for dyslexia in adults that can change your life in a positive way. Find out how to take the adult dyslexia screening test in the privacy of your own home visit Adult Dyslexia Online Test

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Diagnosis of Adult Dyslexia – Is It Really Life Changing?

Will the diagnosis of adult dyslexia to people experiencing learning disability change their lives? Dyslexia is a condition that affects people of all ages and most of them already have it in their early age but in most cases this condition is overlooked and they grow up without knowing that they have learning disability. Late diagnosis is often the case and dyslexics grow up thinking that they are just lazy, stupid and slow learners affecting their self-confidence and how people treat them.

Dyslexia if not diagnosed and treated will continuously affect a person's daily life. Since dyslexia is a learning disability, this condition affects a person's ability to process information and will suffer difficulties in writing, spelling, reading, dealing with numbers, sequences, following instructions, organizing and time management. The severity of the condition varies from one person to another.

As mentioned earlier, most dyslexia cases are only diagnosed when they already reached adulthood. Maybe because many people are not aware that there is such a condition called dyslexia. Now that more and more people are getting aware of this condition, how could the diagnosis of adult dyslexia change the lives of those who grow up not knowing they are dyslexics?

Diagnosis of adult dyslexia can bring many changes in your life. Things will become clear to you that your learning disability is not greeted by being lazy, stupid or being a slow learner. It will become clear to you that it is a condition and it is not your fault. Knowing the reason behind your learning disability is liberating. Getting the proper diagnosis is the first step in understanding and dealing with conditions like dyslexia. You will be able to know the trainings, treatments and therapies that you need to improve your condition.

People will get to understand you more and will learn to treat you fairly. People around you like classmates, professors or your employers will be more open about the trainings that you need to take to improve your performance. It is not that you are being pitied but you are being understood now by the people you work with.

A proper diagnosis of adult dyslexia will open doors for support that you need to deal with your difficulties. If you are a student, there are universities with programs and grants for dyslexics that can be very beneficial to you. If you are an employee, there are also employers who give support to cover your trainings and therapies.

Although early detection and intervention can be very beneficial, it is not too late. Weather dyslexia is diagnosed in childhood or in adulthood, what is important is that your learning disability is finally discovered and there is a chance for you to improve your condition.

If you think you are suffering from learning disability, there is an option now to take an adult dyslexia assessment at the privacy of your home. A diagnosis of adult dyslexia can now be done online. To know more visit Adult Dyslexia Online Test

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ADHD In Children – What To Do As A Parent

When a child is first diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, parents can feel overwhelmed, confused or even frustrated.

If your child has recently been diagnosed with this disorder, it is important for you to know that the symptoms can be well managed with the right treatment.

This article is to help you cope with the challenges with your child's ADHD.

Go Easy On Yourself

First of all, go easy on yourself.

When a doctor tells you that your child has ADHD, it is understandable that you may have mixed feelings.

Some parents I talked to told me that they were relieved when they first found out about their child's condition. There may be voices around you saying that ADHD does not exist, and the hyperactive and impulsive behaviors are mainly down to abnormal parenting, which sometimes puts much pressure on the parents.

However, having a professional confirming that your child's behaviors are not your fault can be a relief. In fact, ADHD is one of the most common disorders in children.

A mother described how she felt guilty toward her daughter's ADHD. Unlike most other conditions, this neurobehavioral disorder can go unnoticed for many years, especially in girls who mostly suffer from the inattention type.

Children with the inattention type of ADHD can find it difficult to stay focused and are easily distracted. This mother felt that if she could have spotted it earlier, her daughter would not have to go without any form of treatment to help her concentration.

Most parents worry that their children will have to go through many challenges, as this condition is likely to affect their future job and social relations.

However, you should know that there are many options available in terms of effective treatments, whether it is prescribed medication or natural treatments such as behavioral therapy, diet changes, and natural remedies.

Therefore, parents of children with ADHD should always remember that with great support and proper treatments, the symptoms are manageable.

There are many people who have found ways to cope with their condition and go on to achieve great things in life, for example, Jim Carrey, Steve Tyler, and Albert Einstein.

Find The Best Treatment

Secondly, do your research and find the most suitable treatment for your child.

There are prescribed medications that are either stimulants or non-stimulants. They are proven to be very helpful in reducing ADHD symptoms and improving focus. However, you should also be aware of the side effects before giving them to your child.

At the same time, make sure your child exercises daily and eats healthy and balanced meals. These make the foundation of a child's well being.

Being a health researcher and writer, I highly recommend that you give natural remedies a try. There are remedies that are made specifically for children with 100% safe ingredients, therefore they do not carry harsh side effects and are not addictive.

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Cultivation Therapy for Individuals With Disabilities

Cultivation therapy helps individuals tend to traditional gardens whereas they were otherwise unable to because of physical, developmental, or psychological limitations. The purpose of cultivation therapy is to use gardening as a way to show our individuals the importance of growth, love, and support.

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The Four Warning Signs Of ADHD Symptoms In Toddlers

The first thing I want to say is that it can be very difficult to diagnose ADHD in toddlers. Children at this age group are naturally impatient and energetic. They run around without thinking of possible discrepancies, cry excessively, and have difficulty concentrate for just 2 minutes.

However, children with ADHD do show signs and symptoms EARLY in their lives. Some parents are concerned when their children seem to be more impulsive and hyperactive compared with others at the same age.

Here are some of the symptoms that children with ADHD may display:

1. Sleep distortances : let's face it. Many 2 or 3 years old are not good sleepers. But children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder are more likely to have sleep problems than others, for example, waking up more often during the night, and having trouble falling asleep.

2. Extreme hyperactiveness : restless, running around non-stop until too exhausted to move, destroying things … I bet these have happened to most of our toddlers. But children with ADHD display these behaviors more frequently and extremely.

3. Inattention : Inattention is one of the most typical symptoms of ADHD. Children with this condition are reported to be more easily bored at games and toys, and are constantly distracted.

4. Hypersensitivity : how do you know if your child is hypersensitive? Well, check the following signs. Do they refuse to wear clothes of a certain fabric? Do they have aversions to foods of a certain texture? Some parents complain that their toddlers just will not wear denim pants because of the hard fabrics. My own son refused to eat bananas and eggs since he was less than one year old.

If your toddlers have shown the above signs for at least 6 months, it is advised that you talk to their pediatrician about their condition.

When it comes to treatments for this neuro-behavioral disorder, prescribed medications may not be suitable for very young children due to the potential harsh side effects.

However, there are natural treatments that work wonders for many families.

· Behavioral management techniques : behavioral therapy has proven to be highly useful for children. It is to increase good behaviors by providing positive consequences to the child.

· Diet changes : some experts believe that too much sugary food and drinks may make children hyperactive and impulsive. Balanced diets are essential for children's health and development.

· Homeopathic remedies : natural remedies such as Verta alb have long been used to help people with various health problems.

All of these above are safe for children, and are non-addictive. You can go to my website to read more on natural treatments for ADHD symptoms.

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Do Diet Restrictions Really Help Children With ADHD?

Not all doctors, nutritionists, and parents agree when it comes to the topic of dietary restrictions as a treatment for ADHD. According to the National Institute of Mental Health, a major study on what is called the Feingold-type diet showed that certain dietary restrictions helped improve the symptoms of ADHD, but never to the degree that the condition is cured. (Weathers, 2011) However, parents often believe that it is worth the extra effort to see what effect dietary restrictions may have on their child.

The Feingold-type diet consists of eliminating common allergens such as wheat, eggs, dairy, tree nuts, other nuts, nightshades (potatoes, tomatoes) and corn. These foods are removed from the child's diet entirely and then gradually re-introduced. A careful record is kept to help determine which foods make symptoms worse. This approach is practical and will reveal the dietary restrictions that may help for any given child.

However, there are numerous other nutritional considerations that have never been formally taken into account except by select few physicians who have taken a public place to inform parents of children with ADHD that the real issue is what the children are NOT eating. The reality is that the standard American diet (SAD) is grossly deficient in essential nutrients. There are many foods that children should be eating, but these foods are not part of their diets. If a food allergy is discovered and confirmed by a physician, only then foods must be eliminated.

To begin making a real difference in your child's eating habits, do one simple thing: eliminate packaged, processed foods, fast food and artificial colors. It is understood that this is a difficult task for parents because kids can be very picky. Do not give up, experts have indicated that it can take multiple attempts, as much as 10-12 times, to introduce a new food into your child's diet.

Next, add whole foods into your child's diet and include dietary supplements that can help. A multivitamin is fine, but many on the market contain too little of each nutrient (100% of the RDA / RDI / kg is based on standards set half a century ago). Find an all natural chewable multivitamin without artificial colors or flavors. DHA, an important fatty acid commonly found in fish, is another important supplement. It helps form healthy brain cells.

Dr. Phil McGraw, commonly known as “Doctor Phil”, takes one of the most reasonable approaches to an ADD / ADHD diet by encouraging the use of whole foods in the diet after food allergies have been ruled out. He and Dr. Lawlis, creator of the Hero's Diet Plan both agree with nutritionists around the world that the most important issue to be addressed is the elimination of packaged, processed, colored, dried or bottled food. These are the “junk foods” to be eliminated from the diet of a child with ADHD and from the diet of the entire family to set an example. It is simple … if it does not look like a vegetable, grain, fruit, legume, fresh healthy meats (no nuggets of any kind), or root then get rid of it. It may or may not be a cure, but a healthy life style will certainly help the whole family maintain the energy and drive needed to manage the symptoms of ADHD.

Weathers, M. (2011). ADHD and Diet Review. Retrieved February 22, 2012, from

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Need For Mental Health Services

According to a UCLA study, 4.9 million people in California believe that they require help for a psychological or mental health problem. Researchers from the UCLA have also found that about one million people in California are suffering from symptoms related to serious psychological distress and complicated mental health disorders.

Mental health services are mostly dependent on government organizations and other mental health professionals, such as nurses, psychiatrists, counselors, and psychologists. Usually these services include support groups for mental wellbeing, early psychosis teams, self-help groups, halfway homes, assertive community treatment, and local medical services. Mental health services are also available through world health organization advocates, charitable organizations, or psychiatric hospitals.

These services also include psychiatric wards, local primary care medical services, clubhouses or day centers, and supported housing with partial or full supervision facilities available for people who are suffering from mental illness.

Mental health services are needed to treat the following problems:

  1. Mood disorders: People who are suffering from this type of problem feel mood swings, including extreme anger, happiness, or sadness. The mood of the person changes quickly and can be the result of just anything. The most common mood disorders include bipolar disorders and depression.
  2. Anxiety disorders: A person's response to certain situations results in nervousness or fear. This includes post-traumatic stress disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorders, and phobias like claustrophobia.
  3. Personality disorders: An individual experiences strange personality traits. Paranoid personality disorders and antisocial personality disorders are two common examples.
  4. Impulse control disorders: A person who is affected may indulge in actions that may harm themself or others. Stealing, compulsive gambling and spur to start fires are some examples of impulse control disorders.
  5. Substance abuse disorders: The persons are addicted to take substances like inhalants, alcohol and drugs. This addiction results in a neglect of daily works and responsibilities.
  6. Psychotic disorders: Such patients normally experience hallucinations, such as hearing things or seeing things that are not real in nature. Besides this, a person may experience things opposite to reality and delusions, such as Schizophrenia
  7. Eating disorders: This type of illness typically affects adolescents and persons who are related to beauty industry. People suffering from eating disorders are over-conscious about their own image and weight. It involves bulimia nervosa, binge eating, and anorexia nervosa.

The treatment of these problems is often limited to the physical and mental expressions of the individual; however, a lot of Christian counselors, ministers, and professional experts treat such disorders through awakening the affected person about religion. A lot of people who are suffering with these disturbing problems have turned themselves toward the worship of the God, with the help of mental health services, ministries, or Christian counseling, which motivate people to control their addictions, behaviors, and undesirable mind-set .

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To Medicate or Not to Medicate – Drug Wars

The debate in the ADHD community for and against ADHD drug therapies can be contentious and divisive. The individuals that advocate for nothing, but ADHD prescription medication adamantly believe that drug therapy is the “be all and end all” of ADHD treatment and that prescribing any other treatment is sheer quackery. The people in the other camp believe that to medicate people with ADHD is to poison them and that doctors are greedy cows who primary objective is to line the pockets of insurance and pharmaceutical companies. I am constantly distraught about the polarity of these two camps.

This black and white way of looking at this issue is counter productive. I believe that for many patients, prescription therapy is the only answer and the only treatment that will make their lives more productive, happier and more meaningful. I believe that there is a subgroup of patients that have particular symptoms, eg impulsive behavior that makes them a danger to themselves or others, that will get the greatest improvements for their symptoms from drug therapy.

Other patients, however, will find that their symptoms improve on therapies that are not prescription drugs. For the majority of patients a combination of treatments, both drug and non-drug is the best solution. Patients who have improved with drug therapy will find that additional therapies may enable them to improve their symptoms further. Other patients will find that supplemental treatments provide sufficient symptom improvement to allow them to decrease the dosage or even eliminate their prescription medication.

All ADHD patients do not respond favorably to ADHD prescription medicine. One third of patients will have side effects such as sleep issues, loss of appetite, anxiety, depression or other side effects that will make them unable to take stimulant medication. This tend to be especially true for people with Inattentive ADHD but even people with the other types of ADHD can have problems with prescription medication. Two thirds of patients, respectively debilitating ADHD symptoms; will no longer be taking their prescription medication a year after it is prescribed. Some will stop because of side effects, for some the medicine will simply not help their symptoms and others will stop for other reasons.

Treating heart disease does not only involve taking a pill. It involves lifestyle changes such as weight loss and exercise and other interventions such as fish oils and natural cholesterol lowering agents as well. We must start thinking about ADHD in the same way.

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Why People With Disabilities Need More State and Local Funding

Developmental disability is a term used to describe life-long disabilities attributable to mental and / or physical impairments, identified prior to the age 18. Commonly, people with mental retardation, cerebral palsy, autism spectrum disorders, various genetic and chromosomal disorders such as Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders are described as having developmental disabilities or delays. Developmental disabilities are usually classified as severe, substantial, moderate or mild, as assessed by the individual's need for supports. Some people with disabilities can live independently and participate in life-long employment. Others may require special job and community inclusion training. However, many will need support from their families or from community agencies which can require high levels of dependence and intensive supports. The purpose of these agencies is to ensure that individuals with developmental disabilities and their families have access to culturally competent services, supports, and opportunities that promote independence, productivity, and integration and inclusion into the community.

However, there are many challenges individuals with disabilities face inside and outside the facilities. In regard to showing sensitivity to the disabled population, there are many factors that contribute to the high frequency of accidents. Lack of understanding of social norms and communication difficulties are strong contributors. Many of these contributors not only lead to accidents but also challenging behaviors. Challenging behaviors are defined as abnormal physical or mental behaviors which are moderate to extreme in frequency and intensity. Some challenging behaviors can place the safety of person or their peers in jeopardy if the behavior escalates to crisis level.

In addition to the challenges that individuals with disabilities and their families are faced with, there are also many inconsistencies in the state system. People with disabilities who have been well supported through school sometimes experience large gaps in service when they graduate because there is a long waiting list for adult services. The current system is fragmented into many different financing streams and programs. Each program has its own eligibility criterion, which sometimes has more to do with where a person happens to have been living recently than with the level of the person's needs. Each program has its own payment rates and limits, which also do not have much to do with an actual person's needs. All people with developmental disabilities should receive the support they need to maximizeize independence, be productive, and lead the lives that they choose in the community. Practices that segregate and isolate people with disabilities must end. One of the main issues is accessibility for the disabled population. While the disability community uses the word access to mean barrier-free usability by people with disabilities, it means something different in the health care context. Access means a person's ability to get the health care he or she needs. Access means being able to get good quality health care, without financial, geographic, cultural, or language barriers.

In order to combat these challenges, issues and behaviors, agencies must begin to implement proactive approaches. Proactive approaches can also be beneficial in obtaining more funding and support from state and local government agencies. The fact of the matter is, individuals with developmental disabilities are not fully integrated into society. Person centered planning and person centered approaches are seen as methods of addressing the continued labeling and exclusion of socially devalued people, such as people with a developmental disability label, encouraging a focus on the person as someone with capacities and gifts, as well as support needs . Support services are also provided by government agencies such as OPWDD, non-governmental organizations and by private sector providers. Support services address most aspects of life for people with developmental disabilities, and are usually theoretically based in community inclusion.

In order to improve the health and wellness of people with disabilities, people must address the medical needs of the whole person, not just the disability. In addition, staff must be attentive to concerns of pain, depression, job pressures, smoking and alcohol. Clinicians must also recommend and monitor clinical preventive services. Private and state-run agencies must ensure facilities are fully accessible. Finally, attempt to understand the disability using sensitivity and sensible approaches.

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Is Big Pharma Giving Up on Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s?

The word is out on the street that Big Pharma is giving up on Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. New antipsychotic drugs for neurological disorders are too much trouble, take too long to develop, and leave big pharma with too much liability. Besides that, more money can be generated in a much shorter time period than other drugs used elsewhere. New treatment for neurodegenerative diseases are too complex and costly for giant pharmaceutical companies to develop.

“… many big drug companies are pulling the plug on R & D for neuropsychiatric and other central nervous system (CNS) medicines .”, according to the directors of Tufts Center for the Study of Drug Development. Kenneth I. Kaitin, Director and Christopher P. Milne, Associate Director so stated in an article, A Dearth of New Meds which was published in the August 2011 edition of Scientific American.

Kaitin and Milne analyzes show that central nervous drugs are far more difficult to develop than other drugs. The difficulty comes, in part, from the long development time, long testing time, and rigorous regulatory approval. Development cost for CNS drugs is in the highest category of any therapeutic area.

Even after some eighteen years from conception to patient, it is difficult to determine any cognitive benefits. Studies reveal random fluctuation in mental alertness and the “sugar pill” may have greater results than the drug. The placebo effect registers positive benefits in at about 32% of the subjects. A British study concluded that the continuing use of antipsychotic drugs provides neither cognitive nor neuropsychiatric benefits when taken by Alzheimer's patients.

Tracy Glauser, MD headed a six-month study at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center where he estimates that between 20% and 25% of children on neuropsychiatric drugs have the potential for an adverse drug reaction because of genetic variations or the combination of drugs they are taking.

Glycomics is a young science that will, according to MIT, change the way we live. As education about the Smart Sugars is expanded in universities and schools internationally, the public is beginning to learn and accept the science. Evidence is mounting that sugars outperform the most expensive drugs on the market. It is the evidence for which the public is looking regardless if it is a drug or a food. The issue is not if it is synthetic or natural, the issue is RESULTS.

University based research is mounting that sugars improve cognitive function without harmful side effects that are evident with drugs. We will continue to report on improved brain function with sugars as glycomics research expands internationally.

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Multiple Sclerosis and A Smart Sugar

Glycomics is about altering gene expression with specific sugars to achieve beneficial functions especially in neurodegenerative challenges.

Toxins alter gene expression and cause the misfolding of proteins that in turn cause many health challenges. Researchers have discovered that certain sugars may correct the altered gene expressions.

The University of California Irvine has connected the dots between Multiple Sclerosis and the Smart Sugar N-acetylglucosamine.

The study leader Dr. Michael Demetriou is a UCI neurologist and the associate director of the University of California Irvine Multiple Sclerosis Research Center said, “It is likely that we have only uncovered the tip of the iceberg.” He expressed hope that physicians will someday be able to reverse the genetic-induced defects with vitamin D3 or the sugar N-acetylglucosamine.

Demetriou says that one of the primary reasons that this area of ​​MS research has remained unexplored is that protein glycosylation is still an under-studied field.

We have been telling our readers for the last few years that MS and other neurodegenerative diseases are caused by the misfolding of the proteins.

Demetriou added, “Very few medical researchers understand protein glycosylation that the fact that virtually all surface surface and secreted proteins are modified by the addition of sugars and that this imparts critical non-genome encoded information to the protein that alters cell function.”

Dr. Demetriou and his team have analyzed samples from roughly 13,000 people and identified how environmental factors cause a spontaneous MS-like disease. The work conducted at UCI has produced data that Dr. Demetriou believes may point the way forward for personalized therapies for MS.

“Our data indicates that specific combinations of genetic and environmental risk factors lead to defects in protein glycosylation, thereby promoting multiple sclerosis,” Demetriou says. “Thus, we can predict, based on genotyping, which patients are most likely to benefit from this type of therapy, which we also show inhibits MS-like disease in mice by altering protein glycosylation.”

“It is likely that we have only discovered the tip of the iceberg and that there are many yet to be discovered genetic factors that also alter protein glycosylation to promote MS and other autoimmune diseases,” he says. “We are currently vigorously investigating this possibility and are planning to move forward with a clinical trial of N-acetylglucosamine alone and in combination with vitamin D3.”

Healthcare professionals, professors, and seriously mind laypersons are seeking more knowledge of glycosylation and the benefits of the different sugars in effecting gene expression.

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The Value of Positive Behavior Support

Positive behavior support focuses on research-based strategies used to improve the quality of life while decreasing challenging behaviors in a person's environment. Positive behavior strategies also enhance a person's independent living and cognitive skills by habilitation outcomes, behavioral procedures and evidence based research.

The strategy focuses on assisting individuals to achieve a comprehensive lifestyle change with a view to improving quality of life. This component is prevalent in the residential setting. In some residential settings, there may be individuals with considering age gaps. Lifestyle factors not only affect way of life but also may increase challenging behaviors. In an individual's environment, lifestyle changes are very important proactive approaches. The changes may meet initial resistance and an adjustment period however the long-term may yield positive results. Successfully assisting an individual with disabilities in making a transition from special education to a residential to supportive living is an example of a lifespan perspective. The perspective represents the different challenges and stages over a life span. Lifespan perspective is very important for all staff and clinicians to be aware of concerning an individual's plan of care.

The development of a positive behavior system consists of an individual's support system helping them to adapt in their environment over a period of time. The ecological integrity component is significant because it allows a person's lifestyle to be improved by the circle of support. Support a person in their environment not only may reduce challenging behavior but it also improves self-esteem and overall awareness. An individual's community is also essential in the development because it allows the individual to participate in community inclusion and improve socialization skills. It allows individuals to increase independence while learning protection in their own environment. The success of the approach depends on structure and mitigation. In order to provide that structure, there must be a concentration of procedures and regulation. Developing an optimistic structure has a substantial impact on behavior systems. Systems such as protocols and valued measures measure the effectiveness of the program. The focal point of this program is changing the environment not just simply fixing the problem behavior. In reference to system changes, there are a number of alternative behavior techniques that can be used in contrast to traditional behavioral interventions. For example, support group therapy is a very good intervention because it helps people resolve problematic issues which are not limited to problematic behaviors. In contrast to traditional behavior approaches, behavior supports emphasize prevention rather than aversive or reactive procedures to combat challenging behaviors. Emphasis on prevention is very important because it reduces allegations and incidents of abuse. In my field, Strategies for Crisis Intervention and Prevention (SCIP) is very proactive because it teaches both behavior management and positive behavior support. Evidence-based research is also very relevant in behavior research and allows clinicians to use valid and reliable data in order predict or measure or reduce behaviors. The most important thing is that this research is flexible to the degree where other professionals recognize the value of data and not criticize these practices which challenges behavior support. All areas of psychology have played vital part in the value of this approach. For example, environmental psychology is the study how humans interact with their environment and how to develop ideas by trends and changes.

The significance of positive behavior support is the fact that it not only focuses on individuals but it can target a group or entity program. Environmental changes include definitions in the physical setting, task analysis and methodologies, curriculums, assessments and positive reinforcement. The strategy provides an impact on a person's life when utilizing the variables of behavioral science, valid and reliable procedures, functional analysis and the emphasis on social habilitation.

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Support Group Therapy for Individuals With Disabilities

Support groups help individuals deal with change, personal experience and the challenge of everyday emotions. Individuals with disabilities need support therapy in order to learn that they are not alone and that the intense feelings that experience are normal. The roles of care givers must be to recognize that individuals with disabilities have the right to exercise the ability to make decisions in every aspect of their lives.

However, as in all projects, challenges and obstacles are the norm. Participants may feel uncomfortable with opening up in the group therefore sometimes a staff presence may make the person feel more comfortable. Emotional outbursts, non-compliance, disrespect are all common adjustment factors in support groups. Another adjustment factor is attendance in which a participant may refuse to come to meetings depending on their moods. It is very common that an individual may come to the first meeting then never show up again but it is not anything for the facilitator to become discouraged about. Typically, immediate breakthroughs for any individual may take weeks, months or even a year to confront their issue or find out the approach that they were using is wrong. Facilitators must emphasize that support groups are not “cure all” interventions. Like most interventions, effectiveness is measured inside the group and outside in the environment.

There are many things a facilitator should expect but in order for the group to be successful, every facet must be consistent. Consistency is a very important part in counseling or behavior therapy techniques. Often times, individuals feel more comfortable with an activity when they are able to look forward to it. There are other things that may be consistent in an individual with disabilities life such as day programming, medical appointments or medication administration. However, support groups are strictly voluntary which can be exciting because it represents a change or a growth in a person's life. It is very important that the support group facilitator remains consistent with the frequency of the meetings to provide positive results.

Whether results are positive or negative, it is also important to keep control of the group. Sometimes when a person comes to a meeting, seminar or conference, they come to hear others talk. Subsequently, when the speaker does not engage the participants, the speaker ends up doing all the talking. To avoid doing all the talking, an easy approach would be to teach rather than listen. Each topic in each meeting should be considered a lesson that you are teaching your individuals. Rather than “teaching by telling”, the facilitator can start the topic by asking the group a question, which leads to the topic and discussion. It encourages the individuals to think out the facts or concepts themselves. Another way for the group to learn is through scenarios and role playing. Group activities allow the individuals to review what they learn, focus on key points and identify coping techniques. Another benefit is to have an expert speak to the group to give his / her perspective on a specific topic. Many guest speakers bring different styles which add to significance of the group.

The goal of a support group is for the participants to become part of a collective voice. Support groups should be constructed to be non-judicial. The group should create a safe environment for members to differentiate their problems. By discussing their problems, the individuals become better informed which enables them to make right decisions. Conversely, better decision making reduces anxiety and stress. Supports groups build confidence for coping and participants become more equipped to analyze situations. The groups also improve communication with family members, staff and peers.

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Sugars That Aid Protein Folding – Significant New Glycobiology Discovery

Misfolded protein can play havoc with your DNA. Biologists have recently discovered that unstructured proteins are more precalious than previously thought and that over one third of the proteins in the body are intrinsically disordered with unfolded, partially folded, or chaotically folded proteins.

Flexible proteins in your cells are designed to fold around many possible partners. The perfect marriage partner is specific sugars that make glycoproteins and glycoliped, the operating system (OS) for all cellular communication.

I wrote an article a few years ago referencing research that indicates Dementia, Alzheimers, Parkinsons, Huntingtons, Autism, ADD, ADHD, and other neurodegenerative diseases are caused by misfolded (mutated) toxic proteins. (See link at end of lesson.)

Structured proteins have vital performance plans for the cell. However, the level of performance for a desired PURPOSE can not be higher than the weakest link of the parts. FUNCTION is always based upon the DESIGN and how well that blueprint is followed in making and assembling the parts.

The DNA contains the blueprint for properly folding each protein of your body. Corrupted gene expression causes protein misfolding which weakens the immune system and brings chaos to hormonal regulation. The slightest misfolding generates chaos in the system and the cell crIes out for correction. In this desperate call, many mixtures of proteins can be produced from amino acids. The design for a specific function calls for the chain of amino acids to fold into a very precise configuration.

Back in 1931 Chinese biochemist Hsien Wu showed that protein denaturation caused complete loss of function. Many, what I call, FLOATING PROTEINS may have no contributing benefit while others await their final folding purpose. Their ability to morph and bind to other molecules may be beneficial or can develop into ultimate chaos.

Plentiful healthy parts make for the perfect match of keys and locks that literally turn off and on the gene expressions to accomplish their desired objective at that moment.

A damaged gene expression starts and perpetuates chaos by transcribing faulty data. The repository of genetic information may be corrupted in editing, splicing chromosomes, or caused by sequencing becoming out of sync. The transcribing of chromosomes with out of sync OFF and ON sequences may be miraculously corrected after the fact. A switch stuck in the inactive position can be turned on. Under proper conditions it can become unstuck and corrected. Drug companies are seeking drugs to turn on and off switches to fix certain diseases. This method will most likely compound the problem by turning OFF and ON other switches that they are not considering.

Many of the yet unfolded proteins are folded only as needed, may be used in ways we do not yet understand, or used for great damage like transcribing DNA fragments. A virus is a very corrupt misfolded protein that inhibits a cell from dividing. The virus is a self-centered egotistically protein stuck on itself, wrapped in self indulgence, folded around itself. Unable to reproduce itself, it corrupts the PARTNER cell with instructions to DUPLICATE ME INSTEAD OF YOURSELF.

Studies have revealed that sugars can regulate the folding process when a newly mined protein interacts with so-called chaperone molecules. The sugars ACTUALLY HELP A PROTEIN TO FOLD, says Raymond Dwek, director of the Oxford University Glycobiology Institute. THAT IS ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DISCOVERIES IN GLYCOBIOLOGY.

Students, doctors, scientists, professors and laypersons, connect the dots in these related articles and we will better understand why MIT said, Glycomics is one of the emerging technologies that will change the world.

Glycomics is the future of medical science and healthcare. Facts in this Lesson help us understand why proteomics, genomics, and glycomics are in their early years of research and theoretical studies. The term GLYCOBIOLOGY was coined at Oxford University in 1988. Normal time for acceptance of a breakthrough disruptive technology or discovery is forty tears. Are we half way there yet?

The genetic code contains all the rules for cell development, maintenance, and division. Toxins in our air, water, and food negatively alter gene expression. Good nutrition and especially royal sugars (which I call Smart Sugars) improve gene expression. Many doctors and other healthcare practitioners have received continuing education in glycomics through the 14 hours Glycomics DVD Training Series we produced.

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