The Long-Term Safety and Benefits of ADHD Drug Treatment

Two thirds of patients prescribed ADHD medication stop taking it within a year. Patients stop their medications for all sorts of reasons including side effects, mistrust of pharmaceutical manufacturers or of the health care system, costs, etc., but other patients and parents stop because of concerns regarding the long term safety and benefits of ADHD drug treatments.

Those of us with children on stimulant medication have nagging concerns about the long-term brain changes thought about by ADHD drug treatment, the brain changes that will persist into adulthood, and about whether these persistent brain changes will be beneficial or not. There is little disagreement, in the medical community, about the long term effects of not treating ADHD. Researchers and medical providers or all specialties agree that ADHD should be diagnosed early and treated immediately. The reason for this unanimous conclusion is related to the findings from research studies that have followed people with ADHD over long periods of time. These studies, called longitudinal studies, are expensive and difficult to perform but the findings from these studies also carry a great deal of weight.

There have been several longitudinal studies looking at what happens to untreated kids with ADHD when they reach adulthood. The results of these longitudinal studies have consistently shown that untreated ADHD results in increased risks of:

Poor academic outcomes

· Poor job related outcomes

· Mood disorders

· Addictive disorders

· Adolescent and Young Adult delinquency

Despite an understanding of the negative risks associated with non-treatment, many patients and parents have concerns regarding the long term benefits of drug therapy as well as the long term risks. The most loud voiced concerns regarding risks involve questions about stimulant treatment and:

· Increased Cardiac Problems

· Weight / Height abnormalities, and

· Increased Illegal drug use

The majority of longitudinal studies performed looking at these three specific risks have found that there are no long term cardiac risks from the use of ADHD stimulants, that stimulant use may, in fact, lower not increase the risk of illegal drug use, and that stimulants do cause small reductions in weight and bone growth.

The question of ADHD drug treatment and academic success is less certain. While it is clear that not treating ADHD results in more academic failure. There is little persuasive evidence that patients that are treated with drug therapy fare much better. A longitudinal review study looking at almost 9000 patients with ADHD found that long-term medication use was associated with small improvements in standardized test scores but the evidence for long-term improvements in school grades and grade retention was less compelling.

Other questions such as whether the stimulants permanently change the size or connectivity of the brain, whether the stimulants enable brain plasticity changes that are beneficial in the long term and whether stimulants cause permanent genetic or epigenetic changes that are beneficial or detrimental are more difficult to answer . Some animal and human longitudinal studies have claimed that there are no permanent neurological or genetic changes that result from ADHD drug treatment but other studies have claimed just the opposite.

Compliance with ADHD drug treatments will only improve once patients and parents have answers to their nagging concerns about the long-term brain changes thought about by ADHD drug treatment and about whether these permanent brain changes will be beneficial or not.

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Children and ADHD – Common Symptoms of Predominantly Inattentive Kids

If you have an interest in learning about children and ADHD, it is important to understand that there are, essentially, three subtypes of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Each of these subtypes has their own set of symptoms. The subtypes are identified as “Predominantly Inattentive”, “Predominantly Hyperactive / Impulsive” and “Combined.” For well over a century, children that were classified as being hyperactive were considered to be those that suffered from behavior issues. It was in the 1970s that doctors discovered that most hyperactive children also suffered from issues with their attention span. A decade later, doctors established that many children experienced issues with inattentiveness, but did not suffer from issues with hyperactivity. It was at that time that the medical community started to realize that there was more than one type of ADHD. When learning about children and ADHD, it is important that you have the ability of recognizing the signs of ADHD as they are certain to each subtype. For the purpose and intent of this guide, we will focus on the most common symptoms of children that suffer from the predominately inattensive form of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

According to the manual used by the American Psychiatric Association to diagnose certain conditions called the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders”, or “DSM” for short, there are at least nine signs of ADHD that outline an issue with inattentiveness with children and ADHD . According to professionals in the mental health field, most everyone experiences some degree of compliance with inattentiveness at one point or another, at some point in their life. However, children that experience these symptoms suffer in such a way that it results in a significant amount of damage. Children that are found to have six out of the nine signs of ADHD under the section of the DSM that highlights symptoms of inattentiveness are said to have Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder. The impairments that children may experience may affect their school life, their work life, their family life and their ability to interact socially. In addition to experiencing six of the nine signs of ADHD in the inattentive section, it must be established that the day to day functioning of the child must be extremely disrupted in at least two of the areas of social interaction, school life, family life or work life.

In learning about children and ADHD, you will find that the following signs of ADHD – as identified in the DSM – are the ones most commonly associated with predominately inattentive ADHD kids:

· You will find that the child experiences constant bouts of forgetfulness in common, day to day activities.

· A child that suffers from predominately inattentive ADHD will have difficulty in providing attention to details. Because of this, they often make numerous careless mistakes when they are at school, when they are doing their chores and other types of activities.

· One of the most common signs of ADHD is that a child may become easily and extremely distracted by stimuli that are within their environment. Examples of these stimuli include posters, other children, windows and toys.

· In learning about children and ADHD, you will find that predominately inattentive kids have an exceptionally difficult time in sustaining their attention when it comes to performing certain tasks or even while playing.

· It is extremely common for the inattentive child that sufferers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder to lose items of importance. Examples of these items include, but are not limited to, assignments for school, school supplies, toys and books.

· One of the most noted signs of ADHD among those that parent children or work with children that have the condition is that the child may appear as if they are not listening when someone is speaking to them.

· The predominately inattentive child will often avoid or dislike activities that require them to put out moderate to high mental effort. The most common examples of these types of activities include reading, assignments that must be completed at school and homework assignments.

· It is common for children with attention problems to fail at following through on any type of instructions that they are provided. As a result, you may find that they do not finish school assignments, chores and other types of activities that they have been taught to complete.

· Children with ADHD attention problems often experience a high amount of difficulty when it comes to organizing the activities that they are going to engage in and organizing tasks that they must complete.

In most instances, a child that suffers from predominately inattentive ADHD is recognized in their early childhood years. This is especially true if the child is disruptive in their child care center or elementary school and adults that care for the child find that it is difficult to manage them. However, there are some instances in which a child may not be diagnosed with the condition until later in the elementary school years or the middle school years. This typically happens when parents, caregivers and teachers find that the child has issues with remembering facts, keeping up on assignments and their responsibilities in the home. If you are interested in learning about children and ADHD or in recognizing the signs of ADHD, it is quite likely that you either have a child that is displaying symptoms of the condition or you work with a child that is displaying symptoms of the condition. If you find that the child displays at least six of the nine predominately inattentive symptoms highlighted in this guide, it may be important for that child to see their pediatrician for evaluation.

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Identifying ADHD in Toddlers

As a parent, it is essential that you learn how to properly identify ADHD in toddlers. Medical professionals do not know the undering cause of toddler ADHD, but they do believe that imbalances within the brain such as those that are structural and those that are functional, may factor into the condition. Children that have ADHD, or “Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder”, typically start displaying symptoms of the condition very early in life. For a child to be officially diagnosed with the condition, they must display symptoms for a period of six months or longer. By properly learning how to identify ADHD in toddlers, a child may receive the treatment and therapy that is required to ensure that they experience fewer challenges as they progress into life. In this brief guide, you will learn about the most common symptoms associated with toddler ADHD.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a type of syndrome that is characterized by a wide array of symptoms relating to inattentiveness, impulsivity, distractibility and hyperactivity. Toddlers that have ADHD often experience issues with their behavior that extends past that which is considered to be normal for their age. It is not at all uncommon to find that ADHD in toddlers results in issues with anger and abnormal temper tantrums. Those with toddler ADHD may also seem to always be on the go, or constantly moving. As a parent, you may find that it is a challenge to try to get your child located in a high chair or in a vehicle restraint device. When playing with other children, you may discover that your child plays and acts differently. You may find that your child experiences frustration faster and experiences angry outbursts more rapidly than other children. Those that understand how to identify ADHD in toddlers state that it is not at all unusual for a young child with the condition to lash out at others and even become violent when they are frustrated. This is often due to the fact that they experience challenges in controlling their impulses, as a result of the syndrome.

Parents that know how to identify ADHD in toddlers often express the fact that they were seeing that their child was different than other children in one form, fashion or another. Toddler ADHD may result in a child experiencing delays in speaking, walking, and fine motor skills. In addition to this, the child may move more than other children or pay less attention than other children in the same age group. It is common for those suffering from ADHD to experience issues in maintaining their balance. Following directions – of even the simplest form – may prove to be exceptionally difficult for the ADHD child. In addition to these symptoms of ADHD in toddlers, many parents find that their child does not have a strong sense of danger and may engage in activities that could potentially be harmful. If the child does become injured, they may appear to have an abnormally high threshold for pain. If, after reading this, you have discovered that your child is experiencing one or more of the toddler ADHD symptoms, you should make an appointment with your pediatrician to discuss your concerns. The medical professional will evaluate the child or will refer you to a specialist to determine if you have, in fact, identified the condition in your child.

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Grow Taller at Any Age With the Correct Nutrition, Sleep and Exercise Plan

Believe it or not, it is possible to grow taller at any age. Recent Harvard University research has found that eating essential amino acids can lead to more growth hormone reproduction in the pituitary gland which extremely leads to taller height.

There are some exceptional techniques to grow taller naturally without the need for expensive surgeries and magical overnight pills.

Sleep to Grow Taller

You need to lose mattresses and pillows, instead, lay a sheet of cloth and sleep on it. The ground is straight and hard which will straighten and strengthen your bones ten fold. When you wake up, studies have shown from the University of McGill that people who wake up from sleeping on mattresses and pillows are in average 1-2 inches taller for the first 30 minutes. Those same people sleeping on a mattress only and no pillow add up to half an inch more than the previous method. Sleeping on a hard floor with a pillow will add half an inch to an inch and a half. Removing pillow and mattress will help you gain up to 4.4 inches of total height. By sleeping correctly, you can gain an extra non permanent 4.4 inches of height the first 30 minutes from the time you wake from a long night of sleep. These studies were based on a 30 day treatment. After only thirty days you can gain up to 6 or more inches of height from sleeping alone. To keep the earned height from corrected sleep you must exercise and eat properly.

How to Keep Gained Height From Sleep?

Eat and Exercise

One must eat a large amount of vitamins and minerals each day to repair muscle, bone, nerve cells and tissues. Stretching on a hanging bar is the best way to gain more inches to your height permanently, plus those you gain in your sleep.

What Foods Are Good For Height Increase?

Amino Acids

Specifically L-Arginine, L-Orthinine and L-Methionine are the body's most needed amino acids for growth in all major developmental areas of the human body.

Feeling short and being short is a thing of the past since there are so many techniques to grow taller. Eat meat and eggs as a very good source of amino acids to help you absorb the necessary proteins through this process. Nuts, seeds and milk are also essential in this diet to grow taller, even if they have much less of the nutrients than the meats and fish. Nonetheless, you can find these elements in a store where dietary supplements exist.

Which Other Types Of Activities Can Make You Grow Taller?

Jogging, running, sprinting, swimming, sports and all types of physical activities make your hormonal system work and produce the needed chemicals for growth. Without you eat the right foods, the producing growth hormones will avail nothing. The diet is the secret, the right amino acids (building blocks of proteins), and the exercise will deliver the pending elements produced (the growth hormones) to their very needed hosts. During sleep is the ideal time to produce hormones, so eat right, stay fit, sleep tough and stay tuned for the next article on how to grow taller naturally.

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ADHD Treatment? Drug Treatment or Non-Drug Treatment?

Treating ADHD with drug therapy versus non-drug therapy is a hotly debated topic. Some people believe that ADHD is a made up illness and that parents that treat their children with ADHD medications are poisoning them. Other people believe that not treating ADHD with medication is irresponsible. The debate in the lay community for and against ADHD drug treatment can be contentious and divisive. At its best, these debts are enlightening and helpful but at their worst they mean spirited and ugly.

As with most opinions, both sides have good points to make but getting one camp to objectively look at the other camp's point of view is not easy. There is a good reason for this. Flexible thinking is an executive function skill and it does not come easily to people with ADHD. Some believe that you either believe in treating ADHD with drugs or you do not and there is no room for shades of gray in this debate.

I once challenged someone to consider thinking of ADHD treatment in a more nuanced way and the response that I got was this. “Shades of gray advice is irresponsible because it confuses parents of kids with ADHD into thinking that they can treat their kids with homeopathy and Health Food Store remedies and other treatments that do not work.” I believe this attitude to be patronizing. It assures that parents of kids with ADHD can not understand a message that is not black and white.

I am a health care worker. I know for a fact that patients and parents can understand “shades of gray” health care advice. Medicine is an art as much as a science and there are many health conditions where the advice given depends on individual factors and where a “one size fits all” treatment plan is not helpful. Medical treatment advice must be clearly explained, the treatment response must be monitored, you must be available to answer questions regarding the treatment and most importantly, you need to avoid patronize the people that you are advising.

It is my belief that many patients benefit from ADHD drug therapy and that the majority of patients will get the most ADHD symptom relief from a combination of treatments. Drug therapy is not right, non-drug treatment is not wrong. They are both right and wrong depending on every individual's symptoms and circumstances.

The saddest ADHD statistic is this. The majority of patients with a diagnosis of ADHD are not on any treatment. Of the patients prescribed medication, two thirds of them, despite debilitating ADHD symptoms, will no longer be taking their prescription medication a year after it is prescribed. Some will stop because of side effects, for some, the medicine will not help their symptoms, and others will stop for other reasons. For patients who can not or will not take prescription medication, other treatments must be tried. Fortunately, other ADHD treatments exist that compliment or sometimes can even replace drug therapy. Many non-drug therapies better prepare people with ADHD with specific daily challenges such as organization deficiencies, social problems and emotional control. Parents are encouraged to educate them regarding these other treatments.

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ADD Fad or Fact?

Attention Deficit Disorders has become a catch phrase in educational circles. When I started my clinic almost 10 years ago, a diagnosis of ADD resolved in puzzled and suspicious looks from parents and teachers alike. However, the pendulum has swung the other way. It has become a substitute for a hyperactive child. Parents and even some professionals make this diagnosis by ticking off a number of symptoms that they may have observed in the child. This has led to misdiagnosis and misuse of medication. In our fast track lives, a quick diagnosis with a quick solution has replaced careful clinical assessment and multimodal interventions.

For the novice reader, ADD stands for Attention Deficit Disorder, a common mental disorder seen in 10 to 20 percent of children. I quit to call it a mental disorder because it's signs and symptoms are not pathological. It is a demographic not a categorical disorder ie many of the symptoms may be seen in the average child or person but in a person with ADD they are sufficient enough to cause problems in education, behavior and or social fields.

ADD is a complex disorder not a checklist disorder. It can start insidiously wherein subtitle signs are missed in early childhood because they are mainly related to inattention. They may also present with a bang with a hyperactive child. Nonetheless, these children may even present later in life if they are very bright eg in high school or even college. ADD can mimic other problems. A child traumatised by a mixture of unrealistic expectations, harsh punishments and inappropriate curriculum can present with inattention and restlessness. Anxiety, especially posttraumatic stress disorder and separation anxiety can also cloud the picture. Other disorders like Juvenile Bipolar disorder or Asperser Syndrome wherein hyperactivity is also a symptom can complicate the diagnosis.

ADD also has a wide spectrum of clinical presentations. From an inattentive, quiet and withdrawn child (Inattentive ADD) to a restless, impatient and impulsive one. In fact Dr. Amen has described 6 types of ADD each having their own brain images on the SPECT machine. No two children with ADD are same. Co-morbid conditions like anxiety and depression can change the clinical picture. Language difficulties, either spoken or written along with Specific Learning difficulties complicates the clinical presentation. Environmental conditions also affect the ADD child. Highly mobile expatriate societies as those seen in Dubai, Hong Kong and Brussels see a higher rate of ADD in their student population. One of the reasons being changing school systems, anxiety with relocation and other environmental factors that aggravate a mild predisposition to ADD to a blatant one.

The other feature that can confuse parents and teachers alike is that ADD is not an absolute deficit. This means that symptoms can fluctuate. A child with ADD can be well focused in a subject he enjoys but can become very restless and difficult in those he does not. So an ADD child can sit and work on a computer for hours but can not sit and read (even if he is good at reading). Some readers may feel that this is true of many people. However, those without ADD can make themselves pay attention to uninteresting topics when they know they have to. Also many ADD children may not be educationally impaired.

Early diagnosis and multimodal intervention is the key.

Research has shown that ADD is a life span disorder that can be seen to follow the ADD child into adulthood. Untreated ADD can lead to many complications. From emotional disorders to psychiatric disorders; from school failure to school dropouts and from behavioral problems to felony, a child with ADD can develop many problems.

I can not end this article without touching on the critical factor of medicines. Many parents and teachers feel alarmed by use of behavior changing medications, especially if the child is not very difficult to manage. However, ADD is a neurochemical disorder. That means it is organic in origin and is not caused by bad parenting or poor schooling. (Though they can aggravate it). Medication is necessary to prevent complications and ensure academic and social success. Stimulant medications can improve attention and reduce impulsive and restless behavior. They can improve academic efficiency and performance and hence avoid complications of low self-esteem. They can improve behavior and attention and hence improve social acceptance. However, social skills, remedial help for learning difficulties must be given.

To conclude ADD is a complex disorder which affects the person life long. Diagnosis and therapy must be long term and multimodel.

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Tips for Choosing a Wheelchair Ramp That Meets Your Needs

Unfortunately for those who are wheelchair bound, some areas of the world leave a lot to be desired when it comes to accessibility. Although many countries do have laws in effect so that all new buildings are built with wheelchair access in mind, problems still exist, particularly when considering access to buildings that are older. Luckily, a wheelchair ramp offers a cost-effective solution for people who need a bit of assistance navigating through their world.

Selecting your Wheelchair Ramp

If you're purchasing this product for yourself or someone you love, think about what benefits you're having to get from using it. Doorways cause many problems for people who use wheelchairs, and even those who are dependent on things like canes.

To make things easier, choose a wheelchair ramp that bridges the gap between thresholds. These are particularly helpful if your home or office has a doorway that requires a person to step up from the ground level. A wheelchair ramp of this sort is often portable, so you can simply use it as needed, and pack it away during other times.

Folding and Telescopic Ramps

Today's manufacturers of mobility products understand a user's needs might change as they travel to different areas and go about their daily lives. Many wheelchair ramps are made out of aluminum, because it's a metal that's very strong, yet lightweight. Brands that are made of this material often fold up so that they're easy to carry and have a telescoping feature that can stretch across varying distances.

Ramps that Work with Automobiles

Some disabled people rarely even specially designed automobiles so that they can get where they need to go without even having to get out of their wheelchair. In this case, it's very useful to have a wheelchair ramp that works with a car.

With these products, users simply assemble the ramp near the boot of their car, and then gently guide the wheelchair or scooter up the inclined surface. For safety reasons, some ramp manufacturers recommend that a user does not remain in their wheelchair while traveling up the ramp, but many designs may be able to with stand the weight of a rider and their mobility device together.

Today's wheelchair ramp models enable users to enjoy a new degree of independence without having to make any large configurations to their home or car. Do not allow yourself to feel restricted by your mobility limitations for any longer. Simply buy one of these products today and regain your freedom.

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What You Should Know About Oppositional Defiant Disorder

Oppositional defiant disorder or ODD develops during childhood, many patients experiencing symptoms through adolescence and adulthood, without special psychosocial treatments are introduced. Social studies aiming to reveal the causes behind this disorder have concluded that children whose parents have trouble with substance abuse, rarely alcohol, and have a history with breaking the law, run an 18% probability to develop ODD during their early childhood. This evidence prompted psychologists to believe that ODD is actually the result of behavior trans-generally transmitted. In other words, children adopt their parents' behavior, be it defiant, hostile or antisocial, as their own.

It is very important to know that ODD is different from conduct disorder (CD) in that the litter manifests through a repetitive antisocial pattern of behavior with the single purpose of breaking every rule, limit or norm imposed. ODD, however, is a disorder that can be recognized by the emotional intensity which usually companies each and every of its symptoms, starting with rage outbursts, the defiant attitude, and ending with the resentful and polite character of every action.

Children with ODD surpass the boundaries of normal childhood problems with authority. For example, if a normal child who enjoys his independence is given a chore, he / she will, at first, try to get out of it and then everlessly; however, a child with ODD would start breaking everything in sight while screaming that nobody has the power to decide what he should do, but him / her. This example only presents two of the many other ODD symptoms, specifically: refusing to comply with requests / rules and acting so as to annoyately annoy or angry others.

Usually generally being defiant, disrespectful and hostile, children with ODD are often easily annoyed or low tempered, and will start a fight or an argument even without having good reasons, but just “for fun of it”. Also, when confronted with the consequences of their behavior, these children will blame others and refuse to accept responsibility. Their overall hostile attitude is oriented strictly at parents and other authority figures in their life. It seems as though children with oppositional defiant disorder are incapable of forgiving or forgetting given that they seek revenge and are always resentful of others.

Last but not least, such symptoms have a dramatic effect on the child's social life. He / she has major difficulties with integrating and building relationships with other children of the same age. Also, academic performance is very low with children presenting ODD symptoms. The only known treatments are based on cognitive behavioral therapy which focuses on positive reinforcement, parent training programs, individual and family psychotherapy, and social skills training.

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Effective Warm-Up Activity in Adaptive PE

Who do students remember the most? Teachers who are passionate. They put their heart into their lessons and connect life expectations / outcomes to their philosophy. Who do staff / supervisors remember the most? Teachers those work with students that have disabilities. Even though they do not receive an award at the end of the year (which they should) or a higher salary, their jobs are the toughest of them all. Even though they will not go up to the teacher that is working with a student that has a disability and tell them that they are doing a good job, in the back of their head they appreciate everything that teacher does.

Working in Adaptive PE class, it can be troublesome to create lessons that make students active. Some of them lack the psychomotor ability along with cognitive ability to perform a skill. Therefore, exercise is at a minimum because you want to create the simplest lesson possible. Well I am here to help that cause in creating an effective warm-up for adaptive PE.

Remember, when you work with a student that has a disability such as autism-if you are bored, they are bored. What is bored? Bored is doing daily walk / jog around the track, your basic calisthenics and static stretching that no one in the world wants to do. There has to be extra excitation and extra juice in your system to get them motivated. They are exceptional people and phenomenal individuals so make sure you treat them like one.

For a student with mental disorder, here is an example, instead of the boring warm-up routines get the kids excited right off the bat. Always make sure there is music playing because it will automatically neurologically stimulate the student's brain and release endorphins. Give the student any size ball (depending the student, the ball can be hard or soft). Have them line up in a line so they can all see you (no we're not doing sprints). As the instructor, have them start jogging in place with the ball (make sure you are performing this as well so the student's understand what to do). They will mimic everything you do. Start jogging in place; raise the ball over the head, in front of you, behind your head. Stop and bring the ball down to their toes, spread the legs and bring the ball down to each foot. Then get things going again, start jumping up and down, high knees, hopping side to side. Stop and have them bring the ball around the body; around the legs, around the trunk, around there head. Praise students if they are accomplishing this task and / or there trying. Transition to having them walk / jog 10 yards (have cones or line to identify where they will be stopping). Changeover by placing the ball on the ground; Have them tap the ball back and forth with their feet. By doing this, you just transitioned right in soccer and ready to start your lesson for soccer. After they tap the ball between their feet, they can dribble now back where they started. The rest of the lesson is history in the making.

This can be transition into any activity. Same transition would apply for basketball, hand-ball, and volleyball. If you are not doing a lesson that implements a ball, this still will be an effective warm-up because if erases the student's mind of fitness.

This is an excellent way to transition into a lesson. Use basketball, beach balls, volleyballs, tennis balls. Any ball is sufficient to shift into your lesson. Best of all, you will be creating the best fitness of all Fitness with distraction.

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Starting a Disability Physical Activity Program – Where Is First Base?

Some organizations, when trying to start a physical activity & health and fitness program, often ask us “Where is the first base?” “How do we start?” “What do we do?” Great questions!

The first thing we do, BEFORE deciding on what model we will implement is …

1. Explore what the organization is expecting to achieve with a fitness program. Is the purpose to address poor nutrition, lack of activity, obesity etc.? Often people want to start a fitness program, but do not really think it through as to why. Additionally, little thought is given to the expected outcomes.

Furthermore, there is a mistaken belief that any activity will do. Whilst any activity is better than none, the more customized and thought-out the program, the better the chance for success.

2. This is then followed up with further questions around the values ​​the organization has around health and well-being. Are policies and procedures in place on achieving a healthy lifestyle? Are there systems in place for staff to follow with service users?

There is little point in developing a program if there are insufficient funds to support it.

3. The last step before developing and concluding a program, is to conduct a needs analysis focusing on the service users. What are their needs? What are the disability types, medical conditions, previous injuries etc?

4. The approach is structured, with goals and objectives developed prior to concluding the program; and more involved than simply turning up and assisting the clients to play a few sporting games and assisting people to exercise

If you are running your own programs, have you considered the elements above? Is your program a “one-size fits all program”? Whilst any activity is better than no activity, a planned approach will give the program the best chance of success.

Regardless of whether or not you have committed your own program, trying to do this on your own is tough work. You are basically re-inventing the wheel and trying to do this ad hoc. It is like trying to shoot for a target in the dark.

We often begin working with organizations once there is a realization that they can not be experts in all areas, and out sourcing to the experts is cheaper and more efficient, NOT TO MENTION BETTER OUTCOMES FOR THE SERVICE USERS.

If you are considering starting or reviewing a Health / Fitness Program for your clients, we would be happy to assist you with the process.

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Do You Wish to Look Taller? Start Using Shoe Lifts

Height is a major factor that makes men as well as women attractive. We see around a lot of people who are worried about their height and on the lookout for ways to cover up their height problem. A common method that people adopt to look taller is with the help of shoe lifts. But this technique is not adopted by those who wish to look taller but also by those who have limb discrepancies. In a lot of cases the use of these lifts are suggested to reduce problems like spinal shrinkage and foot pain. Here the lifts act as shock absorbers of orthopedic shock.

The shoe lifts are mainly insoles which are built into the shoes and they are detachable. These insoles can be used on both the low-top as well as high-top shoes. The lifts are available in shops in various sizes and you can always choose the one of your size. Most of the lifts available can be used with any kind of shoes. While you buy shoe lifts, you have to choose the one that suits the size of your shoes. It is also necessary to ensure that the lift is comfortable when used with the shoe that you use.

The shoe lifts are made of excellent material that might be costably but durable. When you choose a lift, you have to ensure that the material with which it is made will compromise with your weight and comfort. Those who have foot pains should be especially careful about this. If you use the right shoe lift made of the right material with the right shoe, you can be sure about higher performance capability and comfort. In most of the cases people prefer to have lifts built inside the shoes to escape other's notice. With these lifts built into the shoes, you will look naturally tall, smart and can also be confident about your appearance.

There are a lot of men who use lifts when compared to women. This will help them look considerably tall. Shoe lifts of varying height are available for men. The height ranges from 1 inch to 2.5 inches. As the lifts are detachable, you can remove it and use it with different pairs of shoes. With the help of a shoe lift you can increase your height by 0.5 inch or 3 inches. With those who have leg depreciation, the lifts can be used to correct it. Once you start using these lifts you can do away with your worries about your height and start walking with confidence.

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Effectively Dealing With Sensory Integration Dysfunction

Childhood professionals deal with a complex variety of issues every day such as sensory integration dysfunction, ADHD, and similar challenges. In their quest to provide the most effective tools and techniques to help children reach their full potential in life, it can be confusing about which methods are best.

Fortunately, many companies have done much of the research and homework on a variety of tools and strategies to support children professionals and parents when teaching children. Some of the most effective tools are the SticKids, Alert program, and weighted therapy resources.

But what makes these tools so effective and why should child professionals or parents utilize them in their care plans?

SticKids and Alert Program value

First of all, the SticKids and Alert Programs are evidence based resources that help parents and teachers understand the basic concepts of sensory processing. It only understands the neurological basis which drives behavior that we can begin to help and teach children. These tools are proven to help teach successful self-regulation skills which are fundamental to a child's ability to manage sensory integration challenges.

Some of the sensory integration challenges and typical processing demonstrated by children include:

– Avoiding or unnecessarily seeking sensory input in daily events.
– Emotional sensitivity, melt-downs, or need for retreat and isolation.
– Difficulty with focus, arousal, and self-regulation for normal everyday tasks.
– Reduced quality of motor response such as coordination, balance, or sequencing.

The SticKids and Alert Programs are specifically designed with these issues in mind and they are aimed at providing the appropriate level of guidance and stimulation needed to overcome sensory integration issues. And since they are for use by both parents and professionals, it helps ensure a 360 degree approach and consistency when teaching children to reach their full potential at home, at school, and in social settings.

Weighted Therapy solutions:

Weighted therapy is also recognized as deep pressure therapy and there has been a significant amount of research conducted on its effectiveness in recent years. Based on research results, using weighed lap pads, weighted blankets, or weighted vests can have a clinical benefit in helping children become calm and relaxed. It enhances and promotes their ability to concentrate and focus more successfully.

Just 5-10% of a child 'body weight can be effective. Monitoring the use of weighed therapy is important since children should not use the therapy for extended periods of time or when sleeping.

Based on the recent results of weighted therapy, it is probable that additional research will further solidify the value and significance of this treatment modality. It is a simple solution that reaps far-reaching benefits for children who have sensory integration dysfunction.

Website resources as supplements

In addition to providing valuable resources such as SticKids, the Alert Program, and Weighted Therapy tools, few of resource providing companies also offer valuable website with general information for teachers and parents. These websites are packed with compelling information and statistics to support these treatment modalities. There are also a number of online tours where SticKids software can be tested first-hand to understand exactly how it works.

These websites include a variety of resources proven to be effective for children with Asperger's, ADHD, and other sensory integration related dysfunction. Books, games, CDs, DVDs, and other tools make it easy and fun for children to learn and develop their skills.

Tools are focused on all age groups and can be adapted according to a child's age and situation. From pre-schoolers through adolescents and adults, the materials and tools are effective.

Help children reach their full potential

With such a barrage of external and environmental influences surrounding children today, it makes good sense to surround them with proven treatment modalities that help them successfully interact with others. These tools also enable them to learn new skills both physiologically and neurologically. When children are able to better manage the effects that drive any type of sensory integration dysfunction, they are better able to reach their full potential every day.

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Fun Ball Games for Disabled Children

Children with disabilities need to be included in games and play. Ball games are a fun way for children to develop gross motor skills and improve their hand-eye coordination. Throwing, catching, passing and rolling a ball helps develop balance and improvements the child's muscle control. Almost any traditional childhood game, such as basketball and keep-away, can be adapted for disabled children. Use your imagination and above all, have good time.

Tennis Ball Race

This game will help children with physical disabilities practice gross motor skills by holding and passing two balls. Help the children sit in a circle. Find two balls of equal size but different colors. A white tennis ball and a yellow tennis ball will work well. Give the white ball to one child and then ask her to pass it to her right. When the ball is passed to the second or third child in the circle, hand the same child a yellow ball. She then passes the yellow ball to her right. Instruct the children passing the yellow ball to pass it as quickly as possible. The idea is to pass the yellow ball faster so that it ever catches up with the white ball. The child who ends up with both balls is “out” and the game starts again.

Musical Ball

Musical ball is similar to musical chairs. Musical ball is a good way for children with limited mobility or wheelchairs to help develop the gross motor skills in the arms and hands. Visually impaired children can also play this game. Arrange the children in a circle. Give a large colorful ball, such as a beach ball, to one child. Cue a children's music CD on a portable CD player or cue music on a computer. Instruct the children to begin passing the ball around the circle when the music begins. Allow the music to play for 30 seconds or more and then stop the music. The child holding the ball when the music stops gets 1 point. The children begin passing the ball again when the music is restored. Continue playing until one player reaches 5 points.

Keep Away

Keep away is a fun game for all children, even children who use a wheelchair. Children draw straws or flip a coin to determine who plays “it” while the other children divide into two groups. The child playing “it” is positioned between the two groups. Use a large, colorful beach ball or other light weight ball. The two teams toss the ball back and forth over the head of and try to keep the ball away from the child playing “it.” Attach bells to the ball to help visually impaired children play this game. When the child playing “it” catches the ball the player who thread the ball becomes “it.” If the child in the middle reaches a team member who is holding the ball before it is tossed to the other team, the child holding the ball becomes “it” and play continues.

Wheelchair Basketball

Older kids and teens can enjoy a game of wheelchair basketball or HORSE. HORSE is played with two or more children. Arrange a mobile, adjustable basketball goal for outdoors or use a laundry basket indoors for younger children. Children line up and take turns throwing the ball at the basket. Each time a child scores a basket they get one letter of the word HORSE. The first child to finish the word wins the game. The game can continue until all children spell the word. Any word can be used in place of the word HORSE. For example, young children can play to spell short words, such as FUN or CAT.

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Suffering From Learning Difficulties? Know Why You Need To Get a Dyslexia Assessment for Adults

There are adults who are experiencing learning difficulties but they are not aware of it. They grow up being told as slow learners or plainly stupid. Ever heard about dyslexia? Dyslexia is a form of learning disability manifested in a person's difficulties in reading, spelling, dealing with numbers, sequences, directions, following instructions, managing time and getting organized. People who are suspected having these symptoms may need to get a dyslexia assessment for adults.

Living with learning difficulties can be really challenging but it will surprise you to know that there are geniuses who are dyslexics; Albert Einstein is just one of them. Despite their learning difficulties, people with dyslexia are usually gifted people. They are creative and they have their own different way of thinking and solving problems which could be an advantage to people without dyslexia.

If you or someone you love is suffering from learning difficulties, getting a dyslexia assessment for adults maybe necessary for the following reasons:

To know the reasons behind your learning difficulties. It can be very helpful to be properly diagnosed for dyslexia and finally have the answers to all the questions you've been asking yourself for years. You grow up suffering from a condition that you do not even know how to call it and it is like you are fighting a faceless enemy. It can be really hard to deal with a condition you do not understand but once you get diagnosed; things will get clear to you. It is easier to deal with a known condition. A dyslexia assessment for adults is the key to better understand dyslexia and its nature and the first step in dealing with your learning difficulties.

To know the help you need to cope with adult dyslexia. Although dyslexia is something that can not be cured, it is a treatable and manageable condition. A formal dyslexia assessment for adults can help you identify the severity of your condition and the help you need to cope with your difficulties. People with dyslexia have different levels of difficulties and treatments will depend on the results of their dyslexia assessment. You will know if you need extra trainings or therapies to help you manage your difficulties. With the right trainings and therapies, things will be easier for you.

To be understood by the people around you. Dyslexics hide their difficulties because sometimes people around them make their situation more difficult. People who have no understanding of what they are going through are so unforgiving and cruel. To avoid being laughed at school, dyslexics usually avoid being with other students or avoid activities too hard for them to accomplish. To avoid getting fired at work, dyslexics usually take jobs that are too easy for them to accomplish, which is not a good thing because they are condemning themselves of their true potential. A dyslexia assessment for adults can enlighten your school and your workplace with the condition that you have to deal with while attending school or work. Schools and employers typically have programs for students or employees with dyslexia.

To finally free yourself from the misconception about your condition. With all your learning difficulties you probably grow up with all those false accusations that you are lazy, stupid and slow learner. The worst thing is that somehow you believed them damaging your self-esteem and your confidence. A dyslexia assessment for adults will free you from those demeaning misconception about you. It can be a great relief to know that it is not your fault and you are suffering from a condition that can be managed and treated.

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Testing for Adult Dyslexia – What You Need to Know

Adults suspecting that they have some sort of learning disability are hesitant to take a dyslexia test which should not be the case. Testing for adult dyslexia can be very beneficial for you because it will put an end to your confusion and you will finally know the reason behind your learning difficulties.

Dyslexia if not diagnosed early could continue to affect the quality of your life. It is best to get an early intervention for you to cope with your learning disability as early as possible. Testing for adult dyslexia is the first step in getting the necessary treatments. Although dyslexia is not a curable condition, it can be managed to help dyslexics function more effectively on their daily lives. The earlier the detection the early the intervention and the easier life will be for you.

Dyslexia is a learning disability and severity of symptoms may vary from one person to another. In general, dyslexics have problems in processing information and usually have difficulties in reading, spelling, spoken words, processing numbers, time management and organizing. But dyslexics are very creative and usually gifted in arts and engineering. Intelligence is not an issue but the way their mind works makes them different from people without dyslexia. Most dyslexics grow up without knowing that their learning difficulties are caused by a condition called dyslexia. In most cases, dyslexia is an inborn condition but it is often diagnosed in adulthood. Proper testing for adult dyslexia is important if you suspect you have some sort of learning difficulties to be sure of your condition.

It is easy to get a dyslexia assessment. One option that you can take is a formal comprehensive testing for adult dyslexia from professionals like Educational Therapist, Occupational Therapist and Speech and Language Therapist. They are highly trained to assess people with learning disorders. They can perform comprehensive tests to evaluate your condition. The thing is they can be really expensive but taking the assessment can be really worth it. You do not have to worry about the confidentiality because these people treat this kind of condition with utmost confidentiality.

If you are not yet ready to get other people involved in your dyslexia test but you want to know if your symptoms are positive signs of dyslexia, one option for you is the online testing for adult dyslexia. The test is also developed by highly experienced psychologists and academics to help people confirm if they really show any signs of dyslexia. This kind of screening is less expensive and you can take the test at the privacy of your own home.

Whatever route you choose, the most important thing is taking the first step to assess your symptoms. If you have dyslexia, always remember that this condition is manageable and there are dyslexics who were able to succeed on their chosen professions. Albert Einstein and Leonardo da Vinci are only two famous people who are dyslexics and yet were able to excel on their chosen fields. There is help available for you because dyslexia is a known condition now but of course the first step is getting the assessment. To get an online dyslexia screening, visit Adult Dyslexia Online Screening

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