Spastic Diplegia – Symptoms and Treatment

One form of spastic cerebral palsy is known as spastic diplegia. This form is sometimes called Little's Disease and affects the movement of the upper or lower half of the body. Like other types of cerebral palsy, it is caused by damage to the brain. In many cases it is unknown how the damage was caused and it is there at birth.

Yet there are circumstances in which cerebral palsy is obtained after birth because of medical malpractice during the labor and delivery. Some known causes of cerebral palsy include lack of oxygen, infections to the baby or the mother that could have been preceded or other brain injuries like Hematoma that occurred during a complicated labor.

Families of a child that has spastic cerebral palsy can talk to a lawyer and take action to be compensated for medical costs when their child's condition is caused by medical malpractice. Have your case looked at by a professional lawyer who deals with cerebral palsy cases right away.

Symptoms of Spastic Displegia

There are different symptoms which may vary from child to child and depend on how severe the condition is. However, there are some common characteristics, such as their muscle tone is tight because of this their muscles are contracted permanently. This is called hypertonia and it not only affects the limbs of the upper part of the body it also affects the legs.

A child may display the following symptoms:

* Muscle spasms that can not be controlled

* Joints do not have much range of motion

* Speaking and walking is hard

* Muscles are tight

* Irregular movements on the upper or lower parts of the body

* Delays in development (ie: walking)

If your child displays any of the above signs, they need to be seen by a physician. Tests such as MRI, EEG, and CT scans will be run to determine whether your child has this form of cerebral palsy.

Treatment Options

Because there is no cure for spastic diplegia there are many treatments patients go through. Some common treatments are:

* Physical therapy it helps keep their muscles flexible and more range inn motion

* Medications such as Botox, to decrease muscle spasticity

* Surgery to control muscle spasticity

* Technology that helps individuals in mobility such as wheelchairs

These treatments not only help with spastic cerebral palsy, they help with the other types of spastic cerebral palsy such as spastic hemiplegia, spastic quadriplegia, and others

Does Your Child Have Spastic Diplegia?

It is possible you have a legal claim if there was medical malpractice or neglect that contributed to the condition of your child. Not every case is allowed compensation but if your child suffered from some of the following you may want to contact a lawyer. If you had a baby by C-section or the doctor had to use vacuum forceps, if your baby had severe jaundice, or had seizures after birth, even if your baby had an infection and was treated.

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Brittle Bones (Osteogenesis Imperfecta)

Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI) is a genetic disorder that affects the production of a protein called collagen. Collagen is one of the main proteins in bone and is what gives bone its strength.

Symptoms of OI

Children born with OI may suffer fractures while still in the womb, during delivery, or they may suffer their first fracture soon after birth. Fractures of bones may occur with normal handling. Fractures may not be identified right away, and are sometimes discovered later in the child's life when x-rays are done for a different reason.

Fractures in OI are unpredictable. For example, fractures that might be expected to occur from an injury often do not, and fractures that do occur under the mildest of circumstances. The good news is that rates of fractures often decrease with age.

There are other signs and symptoms that doctors may look for that also may occur as a result of the collagen defect in OI:

– Lax (loose) joints and muscle weakness
– Blue or gray discoloration of the white part of the eye (sclera)
– Teeth that break easily and may be discolored
– A tendency towards bruising
– Hernias
– Heat intolerance and excessive sweating
– Scoliosis (curvature of the spinal) and other curved bones
– Breathing issues (in severe cases)
– Deafness or hearing loss

How OI happens

OI can be passed down in families from one generation to the next in a recessive fashion. This means that only one parent needs to carry the gene in order for OI to be passed to their children. Often OI is the result of a new genetic mutation; in other words, it just “happens”. This is true in about 35% of cases.

How OI is diagnosed

Mild OI often goes undetected and undiagnosed. When OI is suspected, usually because of a history of frequent fractures, doctors look for other associated symptoms such as those mentioned previously. The child may be seen by a geneticist or a doctor knowledgeable in diagnosing OI. Blood tests and skin biopsies can now be done to insure the diagnosis. Some patients with OI have extra small bones in their skull along suture lines, where the different sections of the skull come together. These bones are called wormy bones, and can help make the diagnosis of OI.

How OI is treated

At present, there is no cure for OI. Treatment of OI is symptomatic and supportive. Fractures, if they occur, should be monitored carefully to ensure proper healing. Surgery is sometimes done to stabilize bones. Occupational therapy can be used to teach parents how to handle their child so as not to injure them inadvertently. Children with OI may be prescribed braces to support their limbs as needed. Hearing should be monitored frequently in children diagnosed with OI, as deafness and hearing loss can occur if small bones in the middle ear break. Medication to strengthen bones may be prescribed.

Advances in knowledge of OI allow children with OI to lead fuller lives. Prompt diagnosis is important, as the earlier children are diagnosed, the sooner measures to protect them from fractures can begin. If you suspect your child may have OI, see your physician.

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What You Should Know About Tactile Defensiveness and Other Tactile System Disorders

One of the most common sensory disorders is Tactile Defensiveness . With this condition, a child is over or ” hyper ” sensitive to different types of touch. Light touch is one of the most upsetting types of touch to a child with SI dysfunction. Depending on the intensity of their dysfunction, they may become anywhere from mildly annoyed to completely freaked out by having someone light touch them. A pretty kiss on the cheek may feel like they are having coarse sandpaper rubbed on their face. They also may dislike feeling sand, grass or dirt on their skin. Getting dressed may be a struggle as different clothing textures, tags and seams may cause them great discomfort.

Often children with Tactile Defensiveness or touch hypersensitivity will avoid, become fearful of, or are irritated by:

  • The wind blowing on bare skin
  • Light touch
  • Vibrating toys
  • Barefoot touching of carpet, sand and / or grass
  • Clothing textures
  • Tags and seams on clothing
  • Touching of “messy” things
  • Changes in temperature

On the other side of the spectrum is a child with Tactile Undersensitivity or ” Hyposensitivity “. A tactile undersensitive child need a lot of input to get the touch information he or she needs. They will often seek out tactile input on their own in sometimes unsafe ways.

A child who is undersensitive to touch may have these difficulties:

  • Emotional and social – Craves touch to the greater that friends, family, and even strangers become annoyed and upset. This could be the baby who constantly needs to be held, or the toddler who is clingy, craving continual physical contact.
  • Sensory exploration – Makes excessive physical contact with people and objects. Touching other children too forcefully or inappropriately (such as biting or hitting).
  • Motor – To get more tactile sensory information, he may need to use more of his skin surface to feel he's made contact with an object.
  • Grooming and dressing May choose clothing that is, in your opinion, unacceptably tight or loose. He may brush his teeth so hard that he injures his gums.

If you child shows signs of Tactile Defensiveness or Undersensitivity, it's important to get a proper screening by an Occupational Therapist, pediatrician or other licensed professional. This sensory assessment will help you in seeking out the proper course of treatment and therapy.

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Childrens Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is one of the most common congenital disorders. Congenital is a term used to mean “present from birth”. CP is not just one disorder, but encompasses a number of neurological disorders.

CP often occurs before before birth or during birth, or may occur during the first 3-5 years of life. Symptoms may appear in infancy or in early childhood, and are generally apparent by age three. CP does not worsen over time, but its effects may manifest themselves in different ways as an individual gets older. CP permanently affects body movement and muscle coordination.


Cerebral palsy is caused by abnormalities in the part of the brain that controls muscle coordination and movement. Damage to this part of the brain can occur in utero, as the baby develops, or as a consequence of birth.

It can also be caused by early trauma, such as a fall or as the result of an accident. It may also be caused by infection, such as meningitis or encephalitis.


One of the first signs of CP may be developmental delay, or failure to meet an expected milestone at a certain age. For example, the ability to walk unassisted may be delayed, causing a parent or physician to become concerned.

Symptoms may be very mild or severe, and may mean very little impairment or lifelong disability. Some of the symptoms that children may experience include:

– Tight or stiff muscles
– Exaggerated reflexes (spasticity)
– Lack of muscle coordination with voluntary movement (ataxia)
– Walking with one foot or leg dragging behind
– Walking forward on the toes
– Muscle tone which is too stiff or too floppy
– Loss of bladder or bowel control
– Vision, speech, or hearing disorders
– Learning impairment
– Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)


There are three main types of cerebral palsy, classified according to typical movement disorder involved:

1. Spastic-causes muscle stiffness and difficulty in movement 2. Athetoid-results in uncontrolled or involuntary movement 3. Ataxic-causes disturbed balance and depth perception


A delay in reaching expected developmental milestones is generally noted in children with cerebral palsy. Children with CP may also have poor muscle tone and poorly coordinated movements. Additionally, there may be persistence of infant reflexes beyond the time frame in which they should have disappeared.


There is no cure for cerebral palsy. Treatment begins immediately upon diagnosis, and may include several health care professionals, such as a pediatrician, a neurologist, a physical therapist, an occupational therapist, and a speech therapist.

Treatment is ongoing and focuses on assisting the child with cerebral palsy to function at the highest level possible. Braces, wheelchairs, and walkers may be used to assist in mobilizing as needed. Medication may be prescribed which will decrease muscle spasm, prevent seizures, and alleviate any pain if present.

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Diagnose Adult Dyslexia – It is Not Too Late

Dyslexia is a learning disability characterized by difficulty in reading, writing and spelling. This is not a mental illness or intelligence issue because many dyslexics are intelligent and successful in their chosen profession like music, art, engineering, etc. Some of the famous people who have the gift of dyslexia or injuries related to dyslexia are Tom Cruise and Albert Einstein. Most people are now aware of this learning disability but years ago this is not a known disorder and there are dyslexics who grow up without any idea what they are suffering. It is not too late because it is now possible to diagnose adult dyslexia through tests or screening.

It is only in the last 10 years that learning disability was given a name or dyslexia become a known condition. This is the reason why there are a lot of dyslexic adults now but they do not know what they are suffering. They suffered years of humiliation and hide their disability resulting to inferiority complex and low self esteem. Now there are tests and screenings to diagnose adult dyslexia to help these dyslexics to identify the severity of their symptoms and get the treatment they need. Now they do not have to deal with their disability on their own because with proper diagnosis, there are help available for them.

If you or a family member is showing signs of adult dyslexia like difficulties in reading, writing, spelling, counting numbers, sequence, getting instructions, transferring information, confusion with direction like left and right and reversal of letters like “b” and “d “, it is not too late to get the proper adult dyslexia testing to understand what you are going through.

The good news is that a comprehensive online test to diagnose adult dyslexia at the comfort of your own home is now available. Knowing if you are showing the signs of dyslexia is the first step in getting the treatment that you need. It is not too late to diagnose adult dyslexia.

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Common Signs of Dyslexia in Adults – What You Should Know

Dyslexia is a learning disability but it is not affected by physical problem and brain damage. Intelligence has nothing to do with this learning disability. This disorder has no known cause or cure but there are treatments to help dyslexics live normally and manage their disorder. But before taking the necessary treatments, of course you need to identify the common signs of dyslexia.

The most obvious common signs of dyslexia are reading and writing disability. Processing or transferring information and getting instructions are also some of the difficulties of dyslexics. They often forget meeting schedules and have organizational skills problem. Confusion with sequence, directions like left and right, numbers and reversal of similar letters like “b” and “d” are also some of the common signs of dyslexia.

Although the common signs of dyslexia are disturbing and sometimes disabling, there are dyslexics who were able to live with their symptoms and managed to succeed in their chosen profession. Dyslexia is not a mental illness but it is a condition that can be administered through proper treatments. There are many treatments available now to help dyslexics cope with their disability ranging from diet, visual stimulation and specific learning strategies with the help of people who are experts in dealing with this kind of disorder.

Years ago, dyslexia is not a known condition due to lack of knowledge and studies about this condition. Those who were not diagnosed due to lack of proper testing and treatments are now adults and some do not even aware of the common signs of dyslexia and do not know that they have dyslexia. They are often regarded as stupid or slow learners resulting to inferiority complex and low self confidence.

A comprehensive adult dyslexia test is now available to know if you are showing the common signs of dyslexia. Knowing the symptoms is the first step in getting the treatment that you need. Dyslexia is a condition that can be managed and you can cope with your symptoms if diagnosed and given the proper treatment.

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Dyslexia and Dyscalculia – How Are They Related? How Are They Different?

Dyslexia is a neurological condition in which the signals from the eyes are interpreted differently by the brain. One of the most prominent dyslexia symptoms is problems in reading. When reading problems show up in school age children, they are routinely sent for dyslexia testing.

Researchers now believe that dyslexia is significantly prevalent, affecting between 10% -15% of the population. While school age children are now routinely screened for dyslexia, this has only begun in the last 15 years or so. Probably 95% of adult dyslexics have never been tested and do not know they are dyslexic.

Now, recent research is showing us that children who have trouble with mathematical questions may be suffering with developmental dyscalculia. Dyscalculia is somewhat similar to dyslexia, according to researchers at the University of Western Ontario in Canada.

It appears that children with dyscalculia often have difficulty understanding numerical quantity. They find it hard to make the connection between abstract symbols, such as a number, to the numerical magnitude it represents.

That is, children with dyscalculia can not see the connection between four fingers held up and the number “4” or the word “four”. This is similar to the problem that children with dyslexia have with connecting letters with sounds.

Researchers are concerned that neither parents nor teachers understand that developmental dyscalculia is as common as developmental dyslexia. And that the two are frequently related. There is a strong need for increased public awareness of developmental dyscalculia.

Often many children have both dyslexia symptoms and dyscalculia symptoms. They are now exploring what brain differences there are between those who have just math problems, those who have just reading problems and those who have both.

Researchers gained more insights and info by using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). They found that children with developmental dyscalculia showed non-typical activation patterns in the part of the brain called the parietal cortex.

They hope that in the future this will help in finding and designing remedial tools. Such tools could drastically improve the lives of both children and adults with dyscalculia.

Math skills, especially in this age of all-pervasive technological advances and information technology, are very important to success in life. Children with math difficulties that they have not updated may well avoid career paths that might otherwise have been a great “fit” for them.

For more information on dyslexia symptoms, dyslexia testing and dyscalculia, just click on the links below …

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Down Syndrome is Not a Death Sentence

Your baby has just been diagnosed in utero with having Down syndrome, and you are scared. Scared because everything you remember about Down syndrome as a kid was not pretty. Scared because of what your doctor or Geneticist is telling you. Scared because of all you've read online, most of it negative, bad, and fatalistic.

Much of what is on the web today is outdated and inaccurate. Let's start dispelling these falsehoods right away.

“People with Down syndrome suffer.” Nothing could be further from the truth. People with Down syndrome do not feel pain any more than anyone else. They have the same capacity as anyone to be happy; sometimes even more so. They generally have a high self-esteem, they achieve to the best of their ability; they are educable. They love and are loved. They go to college, work meaningful jobs, drive cars, marry, entertain, and teach us. They do not suffer.

“A person with Down syndrome will not walk, talk, or read.” Again, not true. Some may have more difficulty than others with these skills, but the vast majority does these things and does them well.

“Down syndrome is a dreadful disorder.” Total speculation and absolute opinion. Most parents of a child with Down syndrome would disagree wholeheartedly.

“Down syndrome people are stupid and stop learning around 5th grade.” People with Down syndrome are not stupid. They are intellectually disabled, or mentally retarded. “Retarded” is defined as “slow or to go slow”. It may take longer for them to learn something, but learn they do. Some people with Down syndrome may find certain concepts difficult to forgive. Learning is a lifelong process. Many people with Down syndrome go to college. Could a 5th grader do that?

It is true that people with Down syndrome have more challenges relating health and life skills, but that does not mean their lives are not pleasant and not worth living. Some Down syndrome symptoms to be aware of include congenital heart defects (usually repairable through surgery), congenital gastro-intestinal defects (also surgically repairable), hypotonia or low-muscle tone, speech difficulties, thyroid issues, dental problems, and musculoskeletal problems.

It's important to note that while there are many symptoms of Down syndrome, one person does not exhibit all of the symptoms. One child may have a heart defect, have hypotonia, and need shoe orthotics for foot support. Another child may be born with Hirschsprung's disease, need extra help with speech, and be delayed in walking until age four. Yet a third child may have perfect heart and bowels but need glasses and hearing aids. Every child is different.

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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Treatment – Is Medication Right For Your Child?

This scared me to death. I was reading about the dangerous side effects associated with prescription medications for ADHD and it really worried me. I was looking for an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment for my child but I was due to give him medication because of the side effects. It led me to weigh the pros and cons of the various treatment options very carefully.

As an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment, medication is effective for some children but does not make much of a difference for others. Some children can not take prescription medications because they suffer from harsh side effects. It's important to exhaust all other options prior to giving your child prescription drugs because it can have serious consequences.

As a rule of thumb, prescription medication for attention deficient hyperactivity disorder treatment should be considered a last resort. It has a high risk of side effects such as reduced appetite, insomnia, hallucinations, and even sudden death. Moreover, medication only suppresses the symptoms of the condition. It is not a cure-all.

Many parents fail to realize that medications are not a cure for ADHD. They only temporarily get rid of the symptoms but if their child stops taking the medication, the symptoms will return. The only attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment that actually treats the underlying causes of the problem is natural treatment.

Natural attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment methods include homeopathy, exercise, dietary therapy, and behavioral therapy. When combined, these natural treatment methods are known to have very promising results.

It's important to address all lifestyle factors that could be causing your child's behavioral problems. Make sure your child leads an active, healthy lifestyle and gets plenty of exercise. Make sure his diet is very healthy and consistants mostly fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean meat. A sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet full of processed, fatty, and sugary foods are often the undering cause of ADHD.

In addition to making sure your child leads a healthy lifestyle, give your child a homeopathic remedy. Homeopathic remedies are very effective as an attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment. They help restore balance at a cellular level and alleviate all of the symptoms of ADHD. They work the best when combined with behavioral therapy.

So there you have it. There are many natural attention deficit hyperactivity disorder treatment methods out there that can help your child achieve permanent recovery without causing any unwanted side effects. Medication may be a necessary in sever cases but most of the time natural treatments are very helpful. They are certainly worth trying out before resorting to prescription drugs, which have a track record of being dangerous.

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Behavior Management at School

When I hear from a teacher or assistant at Collin's school that Collin is having some “behavior” I have learned to find out exactly what that means. Collin is a well behaved child and we get a lot of cooperation from his school. He is in First Grade and spends half of the day in a resource room with about 8 other children … none of them autistic. Collin's school has a self contained autism class which is not part of. I am grateful for the Resource class and the extra support and therapy he receives as I know many parents do not get this. BUT, when there is ever mention of “behavior” from one of Collin's teachers, I have immediately learned to find out what exactly the behavior is. When a child starts to exhibit “behavior”, many times teachers and staff start to think, “well maybe he should not go to PE with typical class” or “well, maybe can not handle going to computer lab every Tuesday.”

SO, I find out what the behavior is, how many times it occurs, what preceded the incident, what followed, and to what degree of intensity it took place. I use a behavior checklist that I copy and send in his backpack. The teachers and staff are to fill it out and then we have real data to look at and help make a decision about what to do. Like I mentioned, Collin is well behaved so when “behavior” occurs it may seem more severe to teachers and staff than if it happened all the time. This behavior check list helps the teachers to see too, that it may not be as bad as they thought. This happened last year after Christmas Break. Collin had a rough start back into school after being at home for the two week break. I was getting notes that “Collin was having a rough day” or that “Collin was having behaviors and outbursts”. Everyone was getting into a little bit of an uproar. I provided his teachers with a behavior checklist and had them log the number of occurrences, intensity, antecedent, and the teacher response. On paper, it really did not look that bad and the teachers recognized this.

I had them log this information for two weeks and then we were going to come up with a behavior plan. There was not much behavior to correct after all and the sheet started to come home empty as the behavior went away. In general behavior does not change or go away without you change something but I think Collin just needed time to get back into the swing of things. By not changing anything he soon realized, “OK, I am back in school and there is nothing I can do about it”. He was fine by February and he really enjoyed his school year. Having a data collection sheet and a solid behavior plan will greatly increase the likelihood that your child and your teachers will have a successful school year.

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An Ivy League Tuition For Therapy From 2-6 – Is it Worth It? – Absolutely

For the past 4 years the same thought looks to come up at the end of every month when I am writing checks to our therapists and every week when I go to the grocery store for my sons Gluten Free / Casein Free and Organic food. The thought is, “how can we keep this up?” I wonder how and if there will come a day when we can not pay for his bills. The costs for Collin have been awesome and have exceeded $ 100,000 over the past 4 years. When Collin was diagnosed, I never thought that we would have to spend the type of money that we have dished out. As a successful sales rep for a litigation support company, my wife and I had put together a nice little nest egg for a rainy day before he was born. We even began to put away for college, and as most parents, plan for his future. Then that rainy day came and it came fast and hard. Our little next egg was cracked and drained quickly.

Yes, medicaid has helped some. NO, insurance has not helped at all, but every month my wife and I found some way to pay his bills. We cut back on everything, had garage sales, sold stock that my grandmother had given me and even sold our house and moved into an apartment. We did everything we could to make ends meet and still help Collin. $ 100,000 in 4 years is an astronomical amount of money to pay for a child. At the end, he was not even going to walk away with a diploma or a degree, but what we have taken away from this is more than I could have ever imagined. I was able to hear my son say Dad for the first time at age 3. Let me tell you, that was the greatest word I ever hear. I remember going to my room and crying because after he was diagnosed, that was all I wanted. After that, it was words like “milk, Mommy, TV and many more. Now at 6 he is in school and he talks and he asks questions, and he drives my wife and I crazy because he memorizes his videos and repeats them 50 times a day, but he is mine and I love him so every word is precious and important. simple … Absolutely. There is not greater gift than our children and for those of us with special needs children, the gift is even greater.

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Dyspraxia in Children – The Early Warning Systems

Dyspraxia, or in more psychological terms, developmental dyspraxia can not be classified by a single symptom or even a single scientific focus on any one developmental disorder. While its roots are in the process of child development (or in some cases, dyspraxia is more commonly known as an eclectic range of disorders of the developmental nature.) It is more commonly known as the partial or even full loss of the ability to control the limbs, co-ordinate movements and even normal human gestures. Dyspraxia is a unique disorder because it has similar medical nuances and prognosis with ailments like multiple sclerosis or even Parkinson's, but effects individuals almost completely independent of such other, more complex and involved disorders.

Dyspraxia is a hotly contested landscape of medical definitions, while many camps are trying to focus and narrow down the exact definition of the developmental disease. There are many interpretations of the disease out there, but there are many umbrella diagnostic definitions that help to focus and help people to recognize the early onset of the disease and sometimes go for early treatment and therapy. There are two main things to note about dyspraxia, one called idealational dyspraxia; which is most characteristically known as the difficulty or even inability to plan a sequence of co-ordinated movements. The other one is known as ideo-motor dyspraxia, is the inability or even hurled to execute a plan (normally physical), even if the person has full knowledge of the plan, or is the one behind it.

If you have a child and suspect that they have early onset developmental dyspraxia, then there are some things to note. It can be made known in areas of speech and language. Developmental verbal dyspraxia is more common in children and it appears normally in many difficulties which are associated with phonics, speech control and linguistic abilities. Children with dyspraxia often have a hard time in controlling the organs that control speech, they are unable to make the appropriate speech sounds, they can not form words like other children and have especial difficulty in string sentences together. Also, there are some aspects of fine motor control, or body and limbs co-ordination you should know about.

Children with dyspraxia have trouble learning basic movements and their associated patterns, like lifting a cup to drink or opening a book to read. They are unable to comprehend or even to learn the basic movements necessary to even do simple things like write and draw. Look at the nuances of writing as well, especially in children. They will have trouble establishing the correct grip for writing and drawing equipment, and the hand and sometimes the entire arm. These are just some of the aspects of developmental dyspraxia that you should know about, nuances of early warning systems that should place the red flags necessary for fast action. Early therapy can really help dyspraxia from developing further into whole body co-regulation and even inability to control their body, which can mean a debilitating adult social life.

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Cerebral Palsy Symptoms – Clues to Identifying Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) impairs movement and coordination of the muscles. It is caused when there is damage done to the brain. Some children are born with this disability and there are others that develop the condition due to an injured suffering after delivery. It is not always evident that a newborn has it just because of the lack of mobility already in an infant. Symptoms are more noticeable as the child gets older. Symptoms are not always the same for each child and it also depends on the severity of the condition. Some types of cerebral palsy are:

  • Spastic: This type of cerebral palsy is the most seen in children and it can affect either one side of the body or affect the entire body. This type involves muscle spasms and their body is stiff making it hard to move the limbs.
  • Athetoid: Movements in this type are abnormal. They can be jerking, slow, not controlled movements.
  • Ataxic: This condition is not as common, the balance and coordination is off.
  • Mixed: This condition usually is made of symptoms of other cerebral palsy types.

Is Your Child Displaying CP Symptoms?

One main symptom of cerebral palsy is the delay in their development. As children grow they will reach certain milestones from a baby until early childhood. If you are not seeing some of the millions in your child then take them to see a physician.

Some factors that your child may have some developmental delays are:

  • After 2 months, the head movements are not controlled well
  • Can not sit on their own after 10 months
  • Can not crawl or stand after 1 year
  • One side of body drags
  • Does not walk after 2 years of age

These are not the only signs to be aware of, other signs are muscle stiffness or overly relaxed muscles. Muscle hurtment also will affect their posture. Parents should also be aware that hand preference of a child usually happens after 12 months. If you child is showing early signs of hand preference can be a sign of CP.

Associated Conditions, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Children with cerebral palsy symptoms also experience other conditions such as:

  • Seizures
  • Problem with breathing
  • Impairments with vision, speech, or hearing
  • They are mentally challenged

If there are signs that something is wrong with your child, you need to take them in to see a doctor immediately. Doctors will diagnose your child using MRIs, EEGs, CT scans and other related tests.

If your child is diagnosed with CP due to medical neglect you should contact a medical malpractice attorney right away. You may be able to recover some monetary losses from the injury. Call an experienced attorney to find out more.

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Cerebral Palsy Risk Factors – Understanding Cerebral Palsy and Some of Its Causes

Cerebral Palsy is a group of neurological disorders which can have an effect on movement. It is most often caused by brain damages which occurs before, during, or after birth. The cause of brain damages during development in the womb is unfortunately, unknown and usually not preventable. However, there are risk factors which can determine the likelihood that a child will develop the disorder. The main causes include:

Early birth : 37 weeks of growth or less is considered premature. The earlier the child is born, the greater the risk.Under average birth weight: Infants who weigh less than 5.5 pounds are at severe risk of cerebral palsy.

Many births : Women who are supporting multiple babies (twins, triplets, etc.) are at a risk of giving birth prematurely, which causes babies to have low birth rates. This leads to cerebral palsy development.

Jaundice : When a child has untreated jaundice, a condition known as kernicterus develops. This is a direct source of cerebral palsy.

Breech presentation : Infants who are positioned in a feet-first stance during labor face the risk of developing cerebral palsy.

Contact to toxins : Children who are exposed to contaminants while in the womb are at risk for it.

Mother's health: Certain conditions in the mother give the child a higher risk for developing cerebral palsy. These include mental retardation, hyperthyroidism and seizures.

Pregnancy impediments: Other conditions such as excessive protein in the urine, and infections, increase the risk of it in children.

Labor complications : Problems such as fetal anguish, c sections, and vacuum extraction increase the risk of cerebral palsy development.

Was Your Child Diagnosed With Cerebral Palsy?

In most circumstances, this palsy is not avoidable. However, in other cases, it is entirely preventable. Being aware of the risk factors can assist a family in understanding their child's disability or taken measures that may eliminate some of the risk.

Unfortunately, sometimes the cause is due to medical carelessness or negligence. In this situation, there are legal options. Families may file a lawsuit against the medical staff, and hold them liable for any distress caused by the disorder.

Contact a medical lawyer as soon as possible if medical laxity is the alleged reason for your child's cerebral palsy.

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Cerebral Palsy Causes – Understanding the Origins of Cerebral Palsy

A brain injury that occurs during the development of fetus or a newborn can cause cerebral palsy. The causes of brain damage are not understood by doctors although it is known that there are risk factors that can contribute to the condition such as:

Maternal Infections

The chances your baby will have some level of brain damage increases nine times if the mother gets an infection while pregnant. Some infections include:

o Urinary tract infection (UTI)

o Infection of the bladder or kidney

o Rubella

o Infection of the bloodstream such as Sepsis

o Chorioamnionitis, a uterus infection

o Toxoplasmosis

Maternal infections can be preceded and if left untreated can result in your baby developing this disability. If you are having a baby and you think you may have an infection go see your doctor to get treated.

Prenatal / Neonatal Infections & Complications

The risk of cerebral palsy increases when you have an infection during prenatal / neonatal care:

o Bacterial meningitis

o Viral encephalitis

o Group B streptococcal infection

o Herpes group B

o Sepsis

o Rh incompatibility

o Severe Jaundice

It is difficult to know precisely how these complications result in cerebral palsy. There are facts that prove that prenatal infections can lead to early labor and delivery. More evidence show that infections prompt brain damage which essentially may result in disability.

Premature Birth / Low Birth Weight

Having a baby before 37 weeks of development increases the risk of cerebral palsy. A low birth weight may be indicated as a cause. Premature infants are more defenseless than babies of regular term and they will most likely experience more complications with their health and have to be hospitalized.

Smoking, drug and alcohol use, stress, some infections of the mother, abnormal cervix, and previous pregnancies that were preterm are all factors that will put your baby at a higher risk.

Birth Injuries & Medical Malpractice

Not all cases are inherited (also known as congenital). There have been cases where a child sufferers brain damage during the actual delivery that directed in cerebral palsy. Injuries at birth can and should be prevented. Still, it does happen and here are some examples of procedures that if ignored, can result in an injury to the brain:

o Maternal infections diagnosed and treated promptly

o Identify and act upon fetal distress

o A C-section done in a timely manner

o Treat jaundice in the newborn

o Make sure there is enough oxygen to give

o Use instruments such as forceps correctly

Medical malpractice is not normally done on purpose, but what a family must go through after is unnecessary. The financial stress alone is overwhelming. It is a family's right to be compensated for the permanent condition your child is in because of neglect. Families can file a lawsuit when medical malpractice caused your child's disabilityt. There is help out there for families to recover cost for treatments, medications and other losses.

When to Talk to a Medical Attorney

If your child was diagnosed with cerebral palsy because the delivery of your baby was difficult a medical error may have occurred. You should contact a medical attorney right away. Treating a child with this disability is very expensive and can cost more than $ 500,000 over the child's lifespan. It is an unfair situation for families to be put in and that is why you may be entitled to some compensation. You can recover losses when filing a medical malpractice lawsuit and be compensated for treatments, also for mental anguish, pain and suffering and other related costs. Remember there is no cure for cerebral palsy, the cost for care is expensive, you have rights and a medical attorney can go over your legal options.

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