Cerebral Palsy Training – Therapies and Surgery

Children with cerebral palsy suffer from many disorders that make their daily activities a challenging task. Since each child will suffer a different amount of disabilities, the treatment will be done accordingly. There are many treatments available for a child like speech and language therapy, physical therapy, occupational therapy, drug therapy, sensory integration therapy and many more. Since no two children will have the same severity, these therapies will be customized for every individual. However, most of the children will suffer from movement problems, since developing motor skills will form an important part of any program that is designed for the child.

The treatment involves a team approach and includes the consulting doctor, nurse, caretaker and all the therapists who will work together to help your child over all these difficulties and train them to become independent later. The therapists play a vital role here since they will be spending maximum time with your child to train them in intensive programs that involves cerebral palsy exercises. These special exercises will primarily aim to develop the child's movement, balance and posture. Generally, it is considered better to take your child to a doctor once you see symptoms because this condition is irreversible and there is no permanent cure. Moreover, the condition of the child can either improve or worsen over time depending on the treatment. Here, therapy should be started at an early age so that appropriate diagnosis can be done to treat the condition.

There are many benefits that the cerebral palsy therapies can offer. These include few movement restrictions, better postures, better muscle development and better abilities in toileting, feeding and dressing themselves. Furthermore, these programs enhance the child's abilities to do things that would have otherwise appeared seemed impossible. Beside, they add a lot of fun and hope in every child and give them an opportunity to see other children who are like them.

Sometimes, if therapies can not do much help to the child, then surgery might be recommended. Surgery is done mostly to correct contractures, reduce spasticity in the legs and improve muscle development. If you are opting for a surgery, then it is necessary that you discuss with the doctor about issues like their long term effects, the risks involved and postoperative follow up. Beside, always take a second opinion on the same to avoid any miss-happenings. For conditions such as abnormal walking on toes that indicate a tight heel cord, then surgery may correct it by lengthening the tendon. By doing this, the child will improve his ability to walk, balance and prevent further deformity. Surgery can also be performed to treat spasticity in the legs and hips of patients by identifying the sensory nerve fibers behind the spinal cord and selectively cutting it.

Many times surgeries are not recommended, but there are instances when it has to be used so that the child can achieve his optimum level of functioning. Here, cerebral palsy training with the help of exercises and therapies should be included in the child's day to day activities to reduce the chances of opting for a surgery.

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Cerebral Palsy Training – Fun Therapy Options

A group of neurological disorders that affect the ability of the brain to control and coordinate muscle movement is called cerebral palsy. It is evident during childhood and though it affects muscle movement, it is not caused because of the problems in muscles or nerves. Some of the symptoms which identify cerebral palsy are stiff movements, muscle contractures, involuntary movements and abnormal gaits. A number of children suffer from cerebral palsy due to brain damage, brain infections or even head injury. If the condition is greater then the child will suffer from hemiplegic or paraplegia. A child suffering from cerebral palsy should take part in activities like other children since these activities are both advantageous and enjoyable for kids. Some fun therapies that these children can be introduced to are – play therapy, music therapy and aqua therapy.

Playing outside can be very beneficial for children who suffer from CP because the textures, sounds and smell around the child can stimulate them in a positive way. Parents and caretakers should understand the severity of the child's situation and try to help the child with various activities that are suitable. Example for outdoor activities can be hearing birds, feeling the texture of grass, listening to other sounds in the outdoors, horseback riding, playing ball and blowing bubbles.

Music therapy is one of the activities chosen for children who suffer from CP because in any case the child will be able to actively take part in listening to music. Music is often used to reach children for whatever communication is difficult.In this therapy, parents and caretakers have an opportunity to use different music types and find out which is favorable to the child. If children suffer from less severe cases of cerebral palsy, then they might even be able to play some musical instruments like the drums and keyboard that will help improve their condition. Not only does music therapy help the child to benefit and participate in creating music, it also helps in muscle control and coordination.

Water play, also known as the aqua therapy is a natural and fun way to make a child take part in activities that will be very useful for children with cerebral palsy. Normally it is connected in large pools where children are allowed to make movements and perform exercises that might not be impossible possible, if they are not surrounded by water. In this case, water reduces pressure on joints and muscles and enables the child to move freely in water. Moreover, aqua therapy can increase muscle tone and give stress relief. Depending on the child's ability, the child may be able to do other cerebral palsy exercises like walking, jumping, kicking and swimming with assistance, along with making it safe and fun for children.

Sometimes, play therapy which is also a form of exercise is recommended as a treatment for cerebral palsy. Playing is very important and essential for the overall development of child. Here, a child with cerebral palsy will not have to stick to a routine that has boring cerebral palsy exercises but can also have a dose of fun with such therapies!

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Cerebral Palsy Training – Swallowing Exercises

Cerebral palsy is a group of disorders affecting the nervous system and occurs mostly in infants and children. There are many complications that a child will face if he has cerebral palsy which include movement, seeing, hearing, thinking and learning. It is learnt that the primary cause of cerebral palsy is the damage to muscles at certain parts of the body. Along with the many problems that a child can face, excessive swallowing and drooling is a significant one. This can be preceded or reduced to a great extent by cerebral palsy training for muscles which allow the child to swallow safely.

Cerebral palsy causes permanent disability to the child and can result in a variety of symptoms. However, it should be noted that the amount of condition is different in each individual and treatment should be done accordingly. A team with a physical, occupational, speech and behavioral therapists should be allowed to assess the child and customize a treatment and exercise plan for the child according to your child's requirements. These experts will give you a written material on what exercises and diet the child should follow so that you can train the child at home.

To determine the ability of a child to swallow, various tests can be employed out of which the videoluororaphic swallow study or the VFSS is the best. The other tests that are done along with this will be the oral motor assessment performed by a speech therapist. Drooling and swallowing poses a big problem to children with cerebral palsy. It can lead to many problems such as cavities, choking, skin infection and even maintenance of normal body weight. Beside, drooling is a problem that is caused due to rolling difficulties which in turn is due to poor motor abilities and reduced sensation in the mouth.

A child with cerebral palsy will require training in various issues. Not only this, cerebral palsy exercises play a vital role in improving your child's ability to face a lot of issues. In the case of rolling exercises, they will be designed to take advantage of changes in postures which will help swallowing. These exercises will help strengthen the weakened muscles and also helps swallowing. These exercises will be customized according to the needs of your child. It is also necessary that due attention is given to the consistency of food, pacing of feedings and the utensils used while feeding the child. The therapists and doctors will work along with you to create a treatment that best suits your child. Talk to the team that is framing the plan and determine all the health plans and therapies that are available for your child.

Cerebral palsy training is very necessary for you to teach and assist your child in all ways possible. The fact that there is no cure for it and the child has to live with it for the rest of his life makes it your responsibility to train your child to do the daily activities independently as much as he can.

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Training With Cerebral Palsy – Training for Dressing

Children are the most common sufferers of cerebral palsy and since it is a lifelong condition that can not be cured, we need to make the child as independent as possible with the help of cerebral palsy training. A child suffering from cerebral palsy will find difficulty in movement, as well as thinking and listening, which in turn affects their day to day activities. Children will need help in walking, eating, sitting, standing and even dressing!

Learning to dress and undress will be a major step towards independence for the children. However, whether the goal can be made realistic or not depends on the degree of the child's motor skills. If the child has enough motor skills to help him achieve the goal, then you can train him to be as independent as possible. If the child wants to learn the skill but can not do it fully, then you can teach him to participate as much as possible in the process.

The first thing that you should concentrate on while teaching your child to dress is by positioning him properly. This is very critical, and children find it easier when they are listed on a low bench or chair. If the child does not have head and trunk control, then you can help him by making him sit on your lap before doing the action.

Generally, it is easier to teach undressing than dressing skills. Of all the tasks that lay ahead of them, children find taking off the socks easiest. So, it is best you start off with that! On the first day, you can help your child pull off the sock almost and then give him the last part of tugging it off which he is most often successful. Once your child is able to accomplish one task you can keep helping him do the other tasks as well and gradually reduce your help. In this way, you can make your child dress and undress by his self over a period of time.

If your child has the desire and the understanding but not the ability, then you can help him by making him participate in the action as much as possible. Encourage him to help you as much as he can, one such example being to have him raise his arm when you want to pull off his shirt or shift his weight when you want to remove his pants. If this is also not possible, then motivate him to at least look at the clothing that should be done next. In this way, your child will not lose hope and will feel like he can do something for you.

For an older child, the same rules apply. However, because these children will be much heavier, it will be easy for you to dress him if he is standing. This is a good therapy and will help your child to become independent in these small activities. Help your child in all ways possible in accordance with the cerebral palsy training so that they may learn what to do and what not to do.

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Cerebral Palsy Issues – Sleeping Disorders

Cerebral palsy affects a group of nervous system functions causing significant issues in their life. These neurological disorders contribute in many problems that a child has to face like not being able to walk, eat or even sleep. Cerebral palsy and sleep disorders go hand in hand with each other and are a key issue that both the parent and the affected child face. Not only this, the child will have other problems like seizures and motor development that can cause discomfort while sleeping.

Cerebral palsy usually affects infants or children below 2 years of age. Every parent looks forward to the time that the infant will fall asleep because it is only then that they can rest. Although children with cerebral palsy are the same as the other children, whether they will sleep or not depends on the condition they are in. Children with cerebral palsy will have varying degree of sickness in them and it is unique with every child. The condition and problems that your child has may or may not be there in the other child. Similarly, whether your child will sleep at night or not depends on the condition of your child.

However, most of the times infections do sleep for 6-7 hours without interruption and if at all the child wakes up it will be because of hunger or orness or bad position. The child will have to be attended to at these situations and if there is someone to respond to their needs, there will not be much problem. But as the child grows, there can be lots of sleeping disorders that will be noticed. Seizures being the most common neurological disorder that a child with cerebral palsy will face, the sleep cycle is usually disturbed. This needs adequate treatment since sleep plays an important role in any individual's daily activities. Here, a diagnosis of the child will be required depending on which the treatment will be suggested.

In a normal sleep, a child will toss and turn through the night. For children with cerebral palsy, this movement can be painful due to their low motor skills and muscular issues. Physical therapy will be suggested to develop the motor skills and suitable medication is recommended to control seizures during sleep. If these are taken care of, a child has better chances of sleeping in the night without any sleep problems.

Sleeping disorders should be given due importance and appreciated by giving medicines that include light sedatives or melatonin. Sleeping disorders can give rise to many other problems like depression, irritability, behavioral issues and health problems which will further complicate the life of a child. As the child grows, he has to be continuously examined and treatment should be altered according to the changes in the child. With such cerebral palsy training , the child will learn to adapt to the different problems that can occur. In this way, the child will learn to lead a fairly normal life and with appropriate treatment and devices, they can develop motor skills too. In this way, the child will sleep more peacefully!

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Cerebral Palsy Issues – Seizures

Cerebral palsy is a group of neurological disorders that is caused by injuries to the brain before, during or after birth. The manner in which this condition is caused makes many children suffer from seizures as well. However, people can mistake it with epilepsy, but this is not the case. Cerebral palsy is a non progressive group of disorders in which the symptoms do not increase or decrease over time. Here is not a seizure disorder like how it is commonly mistaken.

For any seizure to take place, whether in cerebral palsy or any other seizure disorder, there will be some over-activity or misdirected activity in the brain. Here, people with cerebral palsy can develop some forms of epilepsy at a later stage. If these children with cerebral palsy develop a seizure disorder, then there are possibilities that the children will have a variable rate of exhibiting symptoms. Typically, there are two types of seizures that are common in people with cerebral palsy. They are the tonic-clonic seizure and the partial seizure! Both these types of seizures can be disconcerting for the child as well as the family members, and the seizure symptoms that develop can trouble the children to a great extent.

The tonic-clonic seizure is a very severe type and when it affects a person, the child will cry out suddenly or shout. This is usually followed by loss of consciousness and flavoring. After this, the child may begin to shake violently, twitch and convulse for some time. Once the seizure is over, the person will regain consciousness but will be confused and have no memory about the seizure.

Partial seizures can happen in varied ways but the most general of them will be the simple and complex categories. These types of seizures will vary in severity and is seen in people with seizure disorders and cerebral palsy. When a person has a partial seizure, it results in a body part which will twitch and shake and eventually becomes numb too. The victim may also become forgetful, confused and suddenly walk differently or even hallucinate.

For a person with seizures or if some seizure disorders are suspected, then an EEG exam should be given. This is especially necessary if the child is suffering from cerebral palsy. It should also be diagnosed by an experienced doctor who will have to observe the symptoms that will include excessive lip smacking or a pedaling motion of the legs. But if this happens in newborns or young children, it becomes very difficult to diagnose. If there is a constant, repeating motion of the limbs, then it is a signal of clonic type seizure. A tonic seizure will involve limb spasticity.

If you notice any of these symptoms in your child or you suspect any seizure disorder or children with cerebral palsy, then you should give proper treatment. After a long observation and testing period, the doctor will decide on what medication should be given with respect to the diagnosis and what degree of cerebral palsy training should take place. If this occurs in young children, then immediate action is necessary.

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Cerebral Palsy Training – Feeding and Nutrition

Children suffering from the cerebral palsy condition have a number of neurological disorders that will affect the coordination of muscles. Although the condition can not get worn over time, it affects the child all his life. Children suffer from problems in movement, balance and future. In addition, the disorder makes it tough to eat. This means that children do not get enough nutrients for the body which makes them weak. When such difficulties arise, the caregivers will have to take necessary action by helping them to meet their nutritional requirements.

Children with cerebral palsy have difficulties in muscle movement which makes it hard for them to eat and does not give them enough nutrition. When such a need arises, the caretakers will have to feed the child so that they gain adequate calories. Issues with food texture caused by mouth sensitivity are another problem that will add to the already existing disorder. Even if a person is able to get enough nutrition, the medications that are used with cerebral palsy patients decrease the level of several vitamins like vitamin B6, B12, C, D, K and folate. Beside, even magnesium and calcium levels will fall to a great extent due to the intake of medicines.

Although caregivers assist the child in eating, children run the risk of not getting sufficient calories. Children with a high degree of spasticity burn a lot of calories during the day due to their muscle contractions which in turn reduces the calorie content in the body. Depending on the type of problem the child is facing, measures should be taken to provide the adequate calories. To assess the problem, up to five professionals might be needed which includes a dietitian, physiotherapist, nutritionist, caregiver and a primary physician.

If a child is not able to take in about 80% of the required calories by mouth or is suffering weight loss, then it is a signal that should be treated with tube feeding. Even if a child does not gain weight for about 3 months or there is no height weight ratio, then it is time for you to recommend a team of caregivers to give tube feeding for your child. If your child has a swallowing disorder, then an occupational therapist may also be needed in the team. The nutritionist will decide what the child has to be given on the feeding tube after assessing the child's health because the nutritionist will decide the number of calories that is required by the child to regain his strength.

However, there is a debate on whether tube feeding is the best solution to give nutrition to a cerebral palsy child. This is because there can be complications like gastroesophageal reflux, inhaling the feeding solution into the lungs and bacterial contamination of the feeding device which can lead to vomiting, diarrhea, nausea and intestinal discomfort. Here, a child's nutrition and feeding habits should be given a lot of importance to maintain the child's general health. This can be achieved by training with cerebral palsy courses which will give you guidance on what should be done for your child.

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Cerebral Palsy Training – Aqua Therapy

Children with cerebral palsy suffer from a group of disorders that affect the neurological system. The cause for this is found to be injuries to the brain that reduce muscle tone. Since it is commonly affects infections and children, some necessary cerebral palsy training is required. The training can be of various types to help children in sitting, standing, walking, sleeping, eating and many more issues that a child will face. Since this condition can not be cured, it becomes the responsibility of the parent to train children with the help of exercises and therapy so that they become as independent as they can.

There are many cerebral palsy training programs framed for children and people suffering from this condition. However, the plan can not be the same to everyone. This is because each person has varied degree of sickness and the exercises that a child should engage in depends on the condition. Beside, the child will have to undergo these cerebral palsy training courses for a long time and although the child may be interested in it at the beginning, it is possible that the desire for learning will fade away with time. Here, it is necessary that there are some fun exercises included in the training which will keep the child active for a longer duration.

Aqua therapy is one among this cerebral palsy training program that will not only help your child to strengthen his muscles but also fun and stimulating. When a child is in the swimming pool and does the splashing and kicking, these exercises become an effective way to train your child. When immersed in water, the child will be able to perform exercises that were otherwise not possible. The reason is that water reduces the pressure on bones and joints enabling the child to move freely. Therapists design a lot of exercises in this therapy to engage your child in this cerebral palsy training that is both gentle to the child's body as well as produce a magnitude of health and strength benefits.

Aqua therapy is a natural and fun way to increase the muscle tone of the child and coordination of muscles. Increased endurance and stress relief are added benefits to this water therapy. Also, depending on your child's ability, you can train him in some aerobic exercises like waking, kicking, jumping and swimming which are heart conditioning exercises that can keep your child healthy in a safe and fun way!

Another important benefit of the water therapy is that that it will improve your child's self-esteem and also give a chance for your child to meet other children who are suffering the same condition. In addition, aqua therapy is an activity that you can do with your child that will give more interaction between the two as well as a chance for your child to get know the therapist too. Aqua therapy is natural and fun ways to get your child learn things and make him feel independent as much as he can!

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Training With Cerebral Palsy – Strength Training

Cerebral palsy is a condition that arises due to a group of disorders in the nervous system and the brain. People with cerebral palsy find difficulty in movement, seeing, hearing, thinking and learning. CP is a lifelong disease that has no cure! If a person suffering from this condition has to be made independent, it is possible only if the prime cause of this condition is deal with, which is strengthening of the muscles.

Cerebral palsy training includes a lot of things that a person suffering from this condition needs to learn so that he / she can live by their own. To help a person in movement, strength training or resistive training should be given. If this therapy is given along with other exercises then it can increase muscle strength and flexibility. It also prevails atrophy of muscles which is a rare condition that can occur in children and adults suffering from cerebral palsy.

People with no CP can walk and move freely without any problem in movement. This is because the muscles and tendons are stretched while performing daily functions. However, this is not possible with people having cerebral palsy. They have difficulty in performing their day-to-day actions because the muscles grow slower than the bones which results in a serious complicated called contracture. This is where cerebral palsy training plays an important role. Strength training helps to keep the muscles strong and limber so that a chance of contracture reduces.

Similarly, leg muscles are vital for posture and walking ability. Since people with cerebral palsy have weaker leg muscles, there is a tension for them to crouch. Also, they may develop “scissor gait” which is a condition wherein they will walk on their toes with knees bent inward. To prevent this, training training is very essential. Beside, cerebral palsy training aims at significantly improving a person's gross motor skills such as sitting, standing and walking which are a part and parcel of any person's daily activities.

There are many benefits that can be achieved from strength training. Cerebral palsy training will help people increase their walking speed, walking efficiency, motor activity and reduce spasticity. Beside, as the training proceeds, muscles will start gaining strength and flexibility which will aid in making them have a normal body movement. Thus, with the help of cerebral palsy strength training a person may learn to walk, sit, stand and move with their maximum potential which in turn helps them become more independent.

A person with CP has a lot of disorders which makes their life difficult. Only with the right support and care from people around them, they will have a hope to live. If the condition is very serious, then they can be put in institutions which will treat them as well as take care of them with the help of a team dedicated for such patients. Here, it is our duty to train them so sure that they can live a life of their own without hanging too much on others to perform their daily activities.

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Cerebral Palsy Fitness – Cerebral Palsy Treatments

Cerebral palsy is a condition that involves a group of nervous disorders and injuries in the brain due to which system functions like movement, seeing, hearing, thinking and learning are affected. Sadly, there is no permanent cure for this condition and treatment can be done only to help a person become as independent as possible.

The intensity of the condition can lead to various types of CP. Depending on the type, the symptoms vary which in turn has a different treatment. Treatment for cerebral palsy requires a team approach. This is important because a child will be suffering from several disorders that will require lots of help. For this reason, a team of a primary care physician, dentist, social worker, nurses, occupational, physical and speech therapists, and other specialists like neurologist, rehabilitation physician, pulmonologist and gastroenterologist are required.

Treatment for CP will depend on the symptoms that a person exhibits. These conditions should be controlled so that there are no further complications. When the child is at home, self and home care measures should be taken which includes giving the person enough food and nutrition to keep them healthy, keeping the home safe from harm, practicing proper bowel care with the help of stool softeners, fluids, fiber , laxatives and regular bowels habits, protecting the person's joints from injury and performing cerebral palsy exercises recommended by the health care providers.

Although a child is suffering from cerebral palsy, it is recommended that you send him / her to regular schools without the child sufferers from physical or mental disabilities. Special education and schooling will be recommended in this case. When children need help with communication and hearing, then they will need assistance with glasses, hearing aids, muscle and bone braces, walking aids and wheelchairs.

For children to help with their daily activities and care, treatments such as physical therapy, occupational therapy and orthopedic help will be required. Medications for this will include anticonvulsants to prevent and reduce the frequency of seizures, botulinum toxin to help reduce drooling and spasticity, and muscle relaxants like baclofen to reduce tremors and spasticity.

Sometimes, surgeries may help people with cerebral palsy in cases like controlling gastroesophageal reflux; to help pain and spasticity, certain nerves from the spinal cord will be cut; feeding tubes might have to be placed and joint contractures should be released.

Cerebral palsy exercises form a prime part in the life of a person suffering from this condition. Since the main cause of cerebral palsy is the damage of muscle tone, measures have to be taken to increase its strength and functions. This is the goal of cerebral palsy fitness training! Exercises help increase flexibility and mobility of muscles. Additionally, they even increase muscle strength and muscle tone which is very important in treating cerebral palsy. Beside, it keeps the structure of the bone intact and improves bone strength.

CP is a lifelong disorder with no cure which means long term care for the child is very essential. Depending on the amount of disability, a person will need to decide where he / she wants to stay. However, many adults are able to live independently in a community and only sever cases require the person to be placed in an institution.

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Cerebral Palsy – Problems With Bowel Movements

Children suffering from cerebral palsy have problems in movement, seeing, hearing, listening and thinking. Since children below 2 years of age are affected most of the times, a lot of cerebral palsy training is required to help the children perform their normal daily activities like the other children. This includes strength training to help them walk and toilet training to produce regular bowel movements, which forms an essential part of an individual's routine.

Bowel training involves the establishment of a regular elimination pattern for the child. This is done by describing the action to the child in simple words and making them tell the parent about the action when necessary with the help of gestures. Once a regular pattern is established, it becomes easier for the child to produce bowel movements every day at the same time. However, there can be problems like constipation that may occur for the young child or an adult suffering with cerebral palsy.

Whenever a child is suffering from constipation, it is essential that you find a way to keep the bowels moving. In addition, the methods that you use should not further weaken or damage the already weak intestinal track especially strong laxatives which can cause intestinal damage to the child. Beside, the child should not start relly on these laxatives for future problems too. For this reason, you should use readily available preparations made from natural substances instead of laxatives to prevent permanent damage to the intestines. A good example for a prescription that is available over the counter for a cerebral palsy patient is 'fybrogel'.

Apart from the many medications that can be done, a lot of preventive measures can be included. These include paying close attention to diet so that it may include foods that can ease constipation. The diet should include plenty of fruits, adding olive oil or ground sesame seeds or linseeds so that there is fiber and other nutrients which can avoid constipation. A gentle massage in clockwise direction on the tummy of the child, just below the navel at regular intervals will help especially when the action is to be performed. When constipation occurs, a number of herbal preparations can also be given which will help ease the problem of the child.

When the problem becomes serious, then suppositories can be administrated, but this should not be done as a long-term course and can be used effectively on occasional basis to prevent long-term damage. Another thing that you should keep in mind is to avoid giving too many dairy products because this can be binding and not healthy. Also, ensure that the child is adequately hydrated by giving lots of liquid and drinks in the diet. Beside, the child should be consulted by a doctor to give the appropriate medicines and a dietician is required to tell you what the child can have and what he can not. By taking all these measures, and with proper cerebral palsy training , problems such as constipation should not pose a threat to your child.

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Inclusion: Help or Hinderance?

For the past few years there has been an increased push for children of all ages with special needs to be integrated into “typical peer” situations. While it can be the magic ticket for some children, it is not for everyone.

The parents of many children with special needs want their child to be “normal”. Part of this is moving into a traditional classroom. Some parents push their children into “typical” peer groups as early as when they are infants with the hope that it will make it so. There is a case for this type of action, but there are caveats as well.

Pro: Inclusion is an older concept than many people think. Vygotsky discussed it in his theory of education. He felt that putting children in an environment where there are peers of varying abilities would eventually move children to the middle of the developmental range present in the classroom. Each child would learn, not only from their teacher, but from their peers as well. For children with special needs inclusion can be an ideal learning environment. They may benefit from more verbal peers who can help them with social speech skills. For example, children can learn how to use their words for conversation, pretend play, and turn taking skills by working with their classmates who talk more. Children also see how other children are behaving in group situations and can adapt things to match. Peers who are more mobile can also motivate children with challenges to join in the fun.

Cons: For some children inclusion is extremely difficult. For those with extreme needs, even having a personal aid may not be enough for them to fully engage with others in the class. Children with severe motor needs and reduced cognitive ability may not reap the same benefits from an inclusion situation. These children may end up sitting alone or not receive the individualized care that they need to prevent pressure sores or other medical issues. In the same light, children with issues such as autism may find the inclusion classroom too stimulating for them. This can cause behavioral outbursts, self abusive behavior, and self-isolation. Likewise, an aid can do too much for the child or make too many exceptions to the point where the child is doing little to no work in the inclusion classroom. While the inclusion may be the least restrictive environment, the structure may not be ideal for the best possible exit.

Special Considerations: All of this being said, there are some factors which also need to be considered. Some schools have a well established and tested program for inclusion. They introduce inclusion in a scheduled and monitored manner. They utilize transition tools such as Picture Exchange Communication Systems (PECS) and social stories to help make the process easier. The educational team meets regularly to discuss concerns and brainstorm solutions. Other schools are not as organized. In these situations, children may be placed into a “typical” classroom without the support needed to be successful. Teachers and aids may not be trained on communication and motor needs or how to engage children with special needs. The team may not communicate amongst themselves or with the family. Without good support and communication, the success of the inclusion program is limited.

Parents need to truly look at their child and determine the abilities and issues which can make inclusion helpful or harmful for them. Talking to the school about their policies, communication, and support for not only the child but the rest of the team can help determine if inclusion is a good fit. Inclusion is not for everyone. Some children need more attention through their day. By taking the time to truly examine the needs and abilities of the child and how they can work within the different classroom options, parents and educational teams can find the most successful and appropriate placement!

© R. Wellman 2011

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When Less Therapy Is More Beneficial

Many times as a therapist I recommend to parents that we reduce the amount of time a child spends in therapy. Naturally, they are concerned that less will be; well, less. To the contrary, sometimes less is more in the world of therapy.

Children need time to process information. Typically, they learn something from a teacher or therapist and will “practice” it over several days to several weeks before they master it. Teachers and therapists present the same information over and over again in both the same and in different approaches with the goal of developing a pattern or schema which will become a foundation for learning more information later. Some children need more time to process the information or are able to build onto these foundations on their own. For these children, spreading out therapy sessions can be beneficial because they can gain the information at a more appropriate pace and they will be more attentive and productive within those sessions.

For other children it is simply too much for them to have several hours of therapy a week. Many young children have physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy at least once a week, and some also have developmental therapy, social work, music therapy, group therapies, and other interventions. Older children can have all of these in addition to a traditional or modified school day. While each therapist symptoms they are the pivotal person for that child, sometimes taking a backseat to another intervention or empowering the parents to take the lead in their child's progress can be more beneficial for the child.

Giving a child the opportunity to focus on those goals which are most important to them and their family at the time can promote increased progress towards that goal. For example, if the primary goal for a child is mobility adding additional therapies to work on other goal areas can distract a child and cause “burnout” for both the child and the family. The constant parade of therapists can cause a child to be complacent, frustrated, or resistant to interventions. Less work can be accomplished when a child does not wish to engage with any of the therapists on their team. This level of burnout can also frustrate the family and decrease their interest in continuing or engaging in therapy services.

Part of being a member of a therapy team is knowing how to work well with other therapists. A good team will communicate with each other and support each other's goals and objectives. All members of the team will encourage speech, reinforce motor skills, and promote cognitive development. Because of this overlap within a good team not everyone needs to have “hands-on” time with the child every week. Strong and dedicated parents can follow through with the work of all of their therapists which can also decrease the need for as many therapists in the home.

Finding the right balance in the amount of therapy can be a difficult task for a therapist. For some children, the less is more approach is perfect, but it is not for every child. Working with the other therapists on the team and the parents, the right amount of intervention can be found and children with special needs can reach their goals with less frustration and more enthusiasm. In the end it certainly comes down to a difference between quality and quantity. Quality therapy time is really what our kids need to not only meet their goals but surpass them!

© R. Wellman2011

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Natural Ways to Get Taller Without Pills

If you are in search of natural ways to get taller, then you have come to the right site. Do you wish you were a little taller than you are now? A lot of people believe that they can not grow taller because of their gene. This is absolutely false, as you can still increase your height at any age even if your being short was caused by your gene. There are a number of things you wish you could do if you were a little bit taller than you are now. Well, you are in luck because I am going to reveal some tips to help you get taller naturally.

In this article I will show you some natural ways to get taller, methods that you have never thought about before.


If you want to get taller, then you have to consider doing exercises. However, not all exercises are good to increase height. When it comes to exercises to increase height, stretching exercises is the most effective. The fact is that, growing taller is credited to the bones in the legs and spine. So, you must do exercises to work on the bones in the spine as well as the bones in the legs. Example of stretching exercises includes hanging on a bar, push-ups, inverter machine etc.


You might not be aware that sleep can make you grow taller, but it's the fact. It has been scientifically proven that, growth hormones are secreted when we are sleep. Also, when we wake up in the morning we are usually taller and during the day we return our usual height. This is because of the pull of gravity on the body. Therefore you can grow taller just by changing the way you sleep, that is, you must adopt a good sleeping posture in order to increase your height.


Apart from exercises to grow taller, a proper diet as well plays a great role in the growth of anyone. Calcium and protein are the primary nutrient that must be contained in your diet, if you wish to grow taller. Although both nutrients are important, calcium is more essential as it aids the growth of bones. For someone who wants to increase in height, dairy products like red meat, fish, eggs and vegetables must form the basis of their diet.


Many believe that being tall is hereditary, and for those who are short they simply can not change it. Well, that is false. You might not be aware of this, but your spine attributes 35% of your height. This simply means that a person with poor posture or spinal problem may lose 2 – 4 inches. Your everyday posture is a factor to favor a harmonious body development. To prevent your spinal column from suffering distortion of height, you must avoid a slouch or bump body posture.

These are the most important aspects to keep in mind if you really want to grow taller naturally.

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How to Grow Taller by Improving Your Posture – Height Enhancement Posture!

A lot of people feel embarrassed or unhappy about their height and wish they could add a few inches to their height. For this reason, the topic “how to grow taller improving your post” is one that is of paramount interest. Poor posture usually leads to stunted growth, and can as well cause back problem in some cases. By improving your posture, you will be able to increase your height and avoid severe back pain.

The spine is naturally curved in an “S” shape and that is the reason the body is flexible. The “S” shape of the spine makes it possible for the body to be able to twist from side to side as well as bend forward and backward. The spinal column is made up of vertebrae (bones in the column column). Nerves pass through the vertebrae from the brain to the lower part of the body. Also, cartilage is present between the vertebrae which makes twisting from side to side and bending forward and backward of the vertebrae possible.

Despite the fact that this cartilage is very flexible, it can suffer deterioration in due course if you adopt bad posture. Bad posture can actually cause the cartilage to wear out and thereby affecting your height.

Your posture has a great role to play in your height. You will be able to grow taller by just having the right posture. Exercising regularly, walking straight up without a bump and sitting appropriately can actually make you grow taller. Millions of people all over the world suffering from back pain are as a result of bad post. In fact, bad posture can make you lose 2 – 4 inches of your precious height.

If you are asking “how to grow taller by improving your posture”, you must adopt a regular exercise regime. Stretches are extremely effective to help improve posture and stretch out the body in full. There are several types of stretching exercises and among the effective ones are; cobra, push-ups, basic leg stretch, the bride and other yoga stretching exercises. These stretching exercises will not only improve your post, but will help you gain height over time.

Also, a proper diet composed of protein, calcium and fat can as well help to boost the spinal column cartilage. Protein is an essential nutrient and it's composed of amino acid. It's commonly referred to as “the building blocks of life” because it particularly aids the overall growth of the body. Calcium on the other hand is even more important as it helps the bones to grow. Fats are of two types; saturated and unsaturated fat. Saturated fat is harmful to the body and you must do all you can to avoid them. However, saturated fat can increase height if available in small quantity in your diet. Proper diet as well as stretching exercises causes the column column's cartilage to thicken and turn out to be stronger in due course, and thenby resulting in height increase.

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